From Marx and Mao to the Market: The Economics and Politics of Agricultural Transition

Hardcover | February 26, 2006

byJohan F.M. Swinnen, Scott Rozelle

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The emergence of China as a global economic powerhouse, the uncertain path of Russia towards a market economy, and the integration of ten Central and Eastern European countries into the European Union (EU) have occupied the minds and agendas of many policy-makers, business leaders and scholarsfrom around the world at the end of the twentieth and the beginning of the twenty-first century. Twenty years ago these developments were unimaginable. The impact of these changes is so vast that the importance of understanding the forces that unleashed this process, how these changes becamepossible, and what the lessons are for other developing countries, cannot be overestimated. This book is the first effort to analyze the economics and politics of agricultural reforms by comparing the reform processes, their causes and their effects across this vast region. The authors draw on a vast set of studies and new data, which compare reforms and economic impacts in more than 25countries, to come up with a series of conclusions and implications on the role of economic reforms in growth, and the importance of initial conditions and political constraints in explaining the choices that were made and their effects.The book analyzes some of the most successful sets of agricultural policies in history that have lifted people out of poverty, raising productivity and incomes by staggering amounts. At the same time the book explains the reasons behind dramatic failures in policy processes and reforms that causedhunger, poverty and which had devastating effects on economic growth and development for millions of other people.

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The emergence of China as a global economic powerhouse, the uncertain path of Russia towards a market economy, and the integration of ten Central and Eastern European countries into the European Union (EU) have occupied the minds and agendas of many policy-makers, business leaders and scholarsfrom around the world at the end of the twe...

Johan F.M. Swinnen is Professor of development economics and Director of the LICOS Center for Transition Economics at the University of Leuven (KUL) in Belgium, a Senior Research Fellow at the Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS), Brussels, and Coordinator of the European Network of Agricultural and Rural Policy Research Institut...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:240 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.78 inPublished:February 26, 2006Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199288917

ISBN - 13:9780199288915

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Table of Contents

Preface1. IntroductionThe economics of agricultural transition2. Patterns of transition3. A model of agricultural transition4. Policy reforms5. The effects of the reformsThe political economy of agricultural transition6. Basic determinants of reform strategies7. Why did the Communist party reform in China, but not in the Soviet Union?8. Determining the pace of market liberalization9. The political economy of property rights reform and farm restructuringConclusions, lessons and new developments10. Conclusions11. Lessons of agricultural transition12. The second decade of transition