From Mercenaries to Market: The Rise and Regulation of Private Military Companies

Paperback | January 29, 2009

EditorSimon Chesterman, Chia Lehnardt

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Frequently characterized as either mercenaries in modern guise or the market's response to a security vaccuum, private military companies are commercial firms offering military services ranging from combat and military training and advice to logistical support, and which play an increasinglyimportant role in armed conflicts, UN peace operations, and providing security in unstable states. Executive Outcomes turned around an orphaned conflict in Sierra Leone in the mid-1990s; Military Professional Resources Incorporated (MPRI) was instrumental in shifting the balance of power in the Balkans, enabling the Croatian military to defeat Serb forces and clear the way for the Daytonnegotiations; in Iraq, estimates of the number of private contractors on the ground are in the tens of thousands. As they assume more responsibilities in conflict and post-conflict settings, their growing significance raises fundamental questions about their nature, their role in different regionsand contexts, and their regulation. This volume examines these issues with a focus on governance, in particular the interaction between regulation and market forces. It analyzes the current legal framework and the needs and possibilities for regulation in the years ahead. The book as a whole is organized around four sets of questions,which are reflected in the four parts of the book. First, why and how is regulation of PMCs now a challenging issue? Secondly, how have problems leading to a call for regulation manifested in different regions and contexts? Third, what regulatory norms and institutions currently exist and howeffective are they? And, fourth, what role has the market to play in regulation?

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Frequently characterized as either mercenaries in modern guise or the market's response to a security vaccuum, private military companies are commercial firms offering military services ranging from combat and military training and advice to logistical support, and which play an increasinglyimportant role in armed conflicts, UN peace o...

Simon Chesterman is Global Professor and Director of the New York University School of Law Singapore Programme, and an Associate Professor of Law at the National University of Singapore. His books include You, The People: The United Nations, Transitional Administration, and State-Building (Oxford University Press, 2004) and Just War o...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:275 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.68 inPublished:January 29, 2009Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199563896

ISBN - 13:9780199563890

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Table of Contents

James Jonah: ForewordSimon Chesterman, Chia Lehnardt: IntroductionI Concerns1. Sarah Percy: Morality and Regulation2. Kevin O'Brian: What should and what should not be regulated?II Challenges3. Angela McIntyre and Taya Weiss: Weak governments in search of strength: Africa's experience of mercenaries and private military companies4. David Isenberg: A government in search of cover: private military companies in Iraq5. Elke Krahmann: Transitional states in search of support: PMCs and security sector reformIII Norms6. Louise Doswald-Beck: Private military companies under international humanitarian law7. Chia Lehnardt: Private military companies and state responsibility8. Marina Caparini: Domestic regulation: licensing regimes for the export of military goods and servicesIV Markets9. Deborah Avant: The emerging market for private military services and the problems of regulation10. James Cockayne: Make or buy? Principal-agent theory and the regulation of private military companies11. Laura Dickinson: Contract as a tool for regulating private military companies12. Anna Leander: Regulating the role of private military companies in shaping security and politics13. Andrew Bearpark and Sabrina Schulz: The future of the market14. Simon Chesterman, Chia Lehnardt: Conclusion: From mercenaries to marketBibliographyIndex