From Morality to the End of Reason: An Essay on Rights, Reasons, and Responsibility by Ingmar PerssonFrom Morality to the End of Reason: An Essay on Rights, Reasons, and Responsibility by Ingmar Persson

From Morality to the End of Reason: An Essay on Rights, Reasons, and Responsibility

byIngmar Persson

Hardcover | October 19, 2013

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Many philosophers think that if you're morally responsible for a state of affairs, you must be a cause of it. Ingmar Persson argues that this strand of common sense morality is asymmetrical, in that it features the act-omission doctrine, according to which there are stronger reasons againstperforming some harmful actions than in favour of performing any beneficial actions. He analyses the act-omission doctrine as consisting in a theory of negative rights, according to which there are rights not to have one's life, body, and property interfered with, and a conception of responsibilityas being based on causality. This conception of responsibility is also found to be involved in the doctrine of double effect. The outcome of Persson's critical examination of these ideas is that reasons of rights are replaced by reasons of beneficence, and we are made responsible for what is under the influence of our practical reasons. The argument gives rise to a symmetrical, consequentialist morality which is moredemanding but less authoritative than common sense morality, because reasons of beneficence are weaker than reasons of rights. It is also argued that there are no non-naturalist external practical reasons, and all practical reasons are desire-dependent: so practical reasons cannot be universallybinding. The question is whether such a morality possesses enough authority to command our compliance. This seems necessary in order for us to cope with the greatest moral problems of our time, such as aid to developing countries and anthropogenic climate change.
Ingmar Persson is Professor of Practical Philosophy, University of Gothenburg, and Distinguished Reasearch Fellow, Oxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics, University of Oxford. His publications include The Retreat of Reason: A Dilemma in the Philosophy of Life (OUP, 2005), and co-authored with Julian Savulescu, Unfit for the Future:...
Title:From Morality to the End of Reason: An Essay on Rights, Reasons, and ResponsibilityFormat:HardcoverDimensions:320 pagesPublished:October 19, 2013Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199676550

ISBN - 13:9780199676552

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Table of Contents

Introduction1. The Nature of Rights2. Problems in the Theory of Rights3. The Act-Omission Doctrine and Negative Rights4. Two Act-Omission Paradoxes5. The Nature of Mental Explanations6. Double Effect Troubles7. Reasons of Beneficence and Reason-Based Responsibility8. Consequences Involving Other Acts9. The Non-Transitivity of Identity of Supervenient Properties10. Maximizing Value and Acting Responsibly11. The End of Epistemic Reasons12. The End of Practical ReasonsConclusionReferencesIndex