From Restrained Indifference to Calculated Defiance: Chishti Sufis in the Sultanate of Delhi (1190-1400) by Tanvir Anjum

From Restrained Indifference to Calculated Defiance: Chishti Sufis in the Sultanate of Delhi (1190…

byTanvir Anjum

Hardcover | April 15, 2011

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The relationship of the Chishti Sufis with the political authorities has been quite controversial. After the inception of the Chishti Silsilah in India in the last decade of the twelfth century by Khwajah Mu'in al-Din Chishti of Ajmer, the Chishtis, in line with their traditions in Persia,made it a definite policy to keep a distance from the rulers by not accepting state services, rejecting lands grants and titles from the rulers, and by not visiting the royal court, or welcoming the Sultans to their khanqahs. By doing so, the early Chishtis in India carved out a space, or anenvironment for independent action and practice of Chishti principles, free from the interference of the state in the Sultanate of Delhi during the next two centuries. However, this space was contested both by the rulers and some of the ulama or religious scholars on varied counts. In subsequentdecades, the space was preserved and expanded by the Chishtis, employing multiple strategies, while the state tried to encroach on it, which the Chishtis severely resisted. Later, in response to state manoeuvring and containment of the space, the Chishti Shaykhs defended and considerably realignedit, whereas their descendants negotiated it with the rulers for their own benefits.

About The Author

Tanvir Anjum is presently an Assistant Professor at the Department of History, Quaid-i-Azam University (QAU), Islamabad, Pakistan. Born in 1973 in Lahore, she did her bachelors from Government Kinnaird College for Women, Lahore (1993), M.Sc. and M.Phil. (1996 and 1998 respectively) with gold medals, and Ph.D. (2006) from the Departmen...

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Title:From Restrained Indifference to Calculated Defiance: Chishti Sufis in the Sultanate of Delhi (1190…Format:HardcoverDimensions:350 pagesPublished:April 15, 2011Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199060096

ISBN - 13:9780199060092

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Table of Contents

Introduction1. Sufism and its Political Dimension: A Historical Background2. Chishti Sufis in India: Carving out their Space in the Delhi Sultanate (1206-1236)3. Preservation of the Space of the Chishti Sufis (1236-1265)4. Expansion of the Space (1265-1325)5. State's Encroachment on the Space of the Chishti Sufis (1325-1351)6. Chishti Sufis' Resistance to Encroachment on the Space (1325-1351)7. Manoeuvring and Containment of the Space by the State (1351-1398)8. Response to State Manoeuvring and Containment (I): Defence and Realignment of the Space by the Chishtis (1351-1398)9. Response to State Manoeuvring and Containment (II): Negotiation of the Space by the Descendants of the Chishti Shaykhs (1351-1400)Summary and ConclusionEpilogue: Relationship of Khwajah Gesudiraz with the Bahmani SultansBibliographyGlossaryAppendix ISpiritual Genealogy of Notable Chisht? Sufis in India during the 13th and 14th CenturiesAppendix IITimeline indicating Important Developments in the Chishti Silsilah and the Delhi Sultanate during the 13th and 14th CenturiesAppendix IIIList of Titles of the Delhi Sultans and the Eminent Chishti ShaykhsAppendix IVGenealogy of Lineal Descendants of Baba FaridIndex