The great transformation undertaken by the countries of the former communist bloc exhibits immense diversity-in terms of initial conditions, shifting target models, consistency, paths, speed, progress to date, and economic performance. This is the first comprehensive study of the economics andpolitics of postsocialism to be written by an author so deeply-and so successfully-involved in the reform process. Many people writing on the reform process offer advice that is not really credible; as a member of the Polish government, and architect of the successful Polish reform, Grzegorz Kolodko actually solved many of the difficulties of transition, which allows him to come forward here with policyproposals and long-term forecasts. The treatment of the transition from plan to market as a historical process is an important feature of the book. The author claims that there is no historical fatality-that sound policies in the present are more determining than the favourable or unfavourable legacies of the past. The aim is tocreate and maintain the conditions for sustainable growth and durable development.