From War To Genocide: Criminal Politics In Rwanda, 1990?1994

Hardcover | December 1, 2015

byAndré GuichaouaTranslated byDon E. WebsterForeword byScott Straus

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In April 1994 Rwanda exploded in violence, with political, social, and economic divisions most visible along ethnic lines of the Hutu and Tutsi factions. The ensuing killings resulted in the deaths of as much as twenty percent of Rwanda’s population. André Guichaoua, who was present as the genocide began, unfolds a complex story with multiple actors, including three major political parties that each encompassed a spectrum of positions, all reacting to and influencing a rapidly evolving situation. Economic polarities, famine-fueled privation, clientelism, corruption, north-south rivalries, and events in the neighboring nations of Burundi and Uganda all deepened ethnic tensions, allowing extremists to prevail over moderates.
            Guichaoua draws on years of meticulous research to describe and analyze this history. He emphasizes that the same virulent controversies that fueled the conflict have often influenced judicial, political, and diplomatic responses to it, reproducing the partisan cleavages between the former belligerents and implicating state actors, international institutions, academics, and the media. Guichaoua insists upon the imperative of absolute intellectual independence in pursuing the truth about some of the gravest human rights violations of the twentieth century.

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In April 1994 Rwanda exploded in violence, with political, social, and economic divisions most visible along ethnic lines of the Hutu and Tutsi factions. The ensuing killings resulted in the deaths of as much as twenty percent of Rwanda’s population. André Guichaoua, who was present as the genocide began, unfolds a complex story with m...

André Guichaoua is a professor of socialogy, speacializing in the African Great Lakes region, at the University of Paris 1 Pantheon-Sorbonne. He served as an expert witness on the Rwandan genocide before several courts and judicial bodies, including the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda of the United Nations. Don E. Webster is...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:478 pages, 9 × 6 × 1.2 inPublished:December 1, 2015Publisher:University Of Wisconsin PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0299298205

ISBN - 13:9780299298203

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Extra Content

Table of Contents

Foreword                   
            Scott Straus
Preface to the English Edition            
Preface to the Original Edition                       
List of Abbreviations             
Chronology                
 
1. The Social and Political Context                
2. The Refugee Question and the RPF’s Choice of Armed Struggle             
3. A Necessary Political Transition               
4. The Arusha Negotiations and the Reconfiguration of Political Forces                  
5. Unspoken Terms in the Arusha Accords and Obstructions in the Political Transition    
6. Competition for Control of the Militias                
7. The Downing of the Presidential Plane on 6 April 1994 and the Military Crisis Committee      
8. The Civilian Alternative                
9. Installing the Interim Authorities              
10. From Massacres to Genocide                  
11. The Interim Government at the Center of Power            
12. War and the Fight for Supremacy            
13. Truth and Justice: The “Struggle for Memory”              
Conclusion                 
Postscript to the English Edition                   
 
List of Boxes              
List of Annexes                      
Notes             
Glossary                    
Index   

Editorial Reviews

“Dispels myth after myth about the Rwandan genocide and Rwandan history.”—Washington Post