Funding The Rise Of Mass Schooling: The Social, Economic And Cultural History Of School Finance In Sweden, 1840 - 1900: The Social, Eco by Johannes WestbergFunding The Rise Of Mass Schooling: The Social, Economic And Cultural History Of School Finance In Sweden, 1840 - 1900: The Social, Eco by Johannes Westberg

Funding The Rise Of Mass Schooling: The Social, Economic And Cultural History Of School Finance In…

byJohannes Westberg

Hardcover | December 23, 2016

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This book presents expert analysis on how the remarkable rise of mass schooling was funded during the nineteenth century. Based on rich source materials from rural Swedish school districts, and drawing up evidence from schooling in countries including France, Germany, England and the U.S., Westberg examines the moral considerations that guided economic practices and sheds new light on how the advent of schooling did not only rest upon monies, but also on grains, firewood and cow fodder. Exploring school districts' motives and economic culture, this book shows how schooling was neither primarily guided by frugal impulses nor motivated by a fear of the growing working classes. Instead, school spending served multiple purposes in school districts that pursued a fair and reasonable economic practice.

In addition to being a highly-detailed case study of Sweden 1840 - 1900 this book also entails a broadening of the theoretical horizon of history of education into social, agrarian and economic history in a wider context.  With a focus on different systems of school finance, this work reveals a key change over time: from a largely in-kind system supporting schools in an early phase, followed by an increasingly monetarized, depersonalized and homogenized system of school finance. Boasting an interdisciplinary appeal, this will be a welcome contribution of interest to scholars in the fields of education history, sociology, and economics.

Johannes Westberg is Professor of Education at Örebro University, Sweden. Since defending his thesis in 2008, Westberg has published widely on the history of early years education and primary schooling. 
Title:Funding The Rise Of Mass Schooling: The Social, Economic And Cultural History Of School Finance In…Format:HardcoverDimensions:242 pagesPublished:December 23, 2016Publisher:Palgrave MacmillanLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:3319404598

ISBN - 13:9783319404592

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Table of Contents

Chapter 1. A Mundane History of School Finance
Pieces of a larger puzzle
Three issues in the history of school finance
A history from below
The Swedish setting
The rural school districts of Sundsvall
Sources and methods
The structure of the book

Chapter 2. The Political Will to Levy Local Taxes
The school act of 1842
Tackling population growth and long school routes
Unfit school buildings and ambulatory schools
Economic issues and social status

Chapter 3. Pursuing a Fair and Reasonable Economy
The management of school districts' affairs
A multifaceted economic culture
Balancing needs and resources
Budgets determined by school spending
A "billig" economy
The issue of frugality
Strategies to increase revenues

Chapter 4. The In-kind Economy of Early School Districts
An economy of in-kind transactions
Taxes in grain, hay and firewood
Gifts and boarding arrangements
Farmwork and janitorial services
The restricted use of account books
State subsidies, local taxes and interest payments

Chapter 5. An Expanding Monetary Economy
An increasingly monetized economy
A liberation or a loss?
A variety of local monetary taxes
Rising state subsidies
Loans from banks, funds and individuals

Chapter 6. School Funding and Mass Schooling
An affordable and flexible in-kind economy
The benefits of an in-kind salary
The thorny cow fodder question
The abolition of cow fodder
Damp firewood and other concerns
Conflicting regimes of value

Chapter 7. Conclusions
The political will and economic culture
From in-kind to monies
The rise of mass schooling
School finance and beyond

Editorial Reviews

"This is a remarkably interesting book about the social and cultural entanglements of school finance in 19th century Sweden. Westberg presents a compelling argument for the economic basis of the rise of primary schools, restoring the complexity of educational finance as a social and cultural dimension beyond reductionist approaches. His informed, inspirational and persuasive analysis documents the efforts related to the funding of mass schooling as it emerged; one wonders how we could make comprehensive arguments about the social dynamics of mass schooling in the 19th century before this book." (Marcelo Caruso, Professor in History of Education, Humboldt University Berlin, Germany)"This rich empirical study of everyday practices of school funding in the 19th century provides a fascinating window onto the meaning and importance of schools as community institutions in a transforming economy.  It also brings new perspective to understanding the expansion of mass schooling internationally.  Finally, Westberg's study helps us appreciate the creativity and calculation of ordinary families.  It is insightful, smart, and humane." (Nancy Beadie, Historian of Education, Professor at University of Washington and Senior Editor of History of Education Quarterly)