This volume collects eleven essays and their commentaries by some of the world's leading scholars who hail from multicultural and multiethnic societies. The essays discuss the trends in secularism in social, politics, legal, and administrative organs including literature and academicinstitutions and the media. They further examine the perceived threat to secularism asking if it is a passing phenomenon or a deep seated one and whether the threat extends beyond secularism to economic liberalism and globalization. The contributors also discuss viable options for national andinternational institutions (governmental and non-governmental) to diffuse the threat. This volume includes contributions from renowned scholars like Jagdish Bhagwati, Rajeev Bhargava, Faisal Devji, Dilip M. Menon, Romila Thapar, Fakir Syed Aijazuddin, and Amila Buturovic.