Gangs: An Introduction by Bill SandersGangs: An Introduction by Bill Sanders

Gangs: An Introduction

byBill Sanders

Paperback | March 22, 2016

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Gangs: An Introduction provides a wide-ranging overview ideal for courses on gangs. Opening with a discussion of early research and perspectives from the late 1920s until the early 1970s, the book then moves on to cover sociological and legal definitions of gangs; daily life and risk andprotective factors; race and immigration; female gang members; drug use and selling; violence and victimization; the cultural criminology of gangs; theories on gangs and gang behaviors; desistance; suppression, intervention, and prevention; and more.
Bill Sanders is Professor in the School of Criminal Justice and Criminalistics at California State University, Los Angeles. He is the author of thirty publications on gangs, youth crime, substance use, and qualitative research methods, including Youth Crime and Youth Culture in the Inner City (2004).
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Title:Gangs: An IntroductionFormat:PaperbackDimensions:400 pages, 9.09 × 7.52 × 0.91 inPublished:March 22, 2016Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199948593

ISBN - 13:9780199948598

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Table of Contents

PrefaceAcknowledgmentsAbout the AuthorIntroductionA History of Respectable FearsEstimating the Number of Gangs, Gang Members, and Gang Crimes1. Early Research and Perspectives18th- and 19th-Century GangsThrasher: The First Gang ResearcherGangs as Delinquent SubculturesDifferential Opportunity TheoryLower-Class Culture and AdolescenceGangs as Near-GroupGroup Process and Gang DelinquencyRoles within Gangs: Keiser and the Vice LordsStreet Gangs and Street Workers2. Definitions, Daily Life, Dynamics, and Risk FactorsSociological DefinitionsLegal DefinitionsWhat Gangs Are NotA Structured TypologyDaily LifePositive and Negative AspectsInterrelated Dynamics- Membership- Organization- Subgroups- Intensity- The Causes and Correlates Studies- Protective Factors3. Race, Migration, and ImmigrationA Brief Note on Race Relations in American HistoryBlack Gangs- The Crips and BloodsLatino Gangs- The People Nation and the Folks Nation- A Typology of Mexican American GangsAsian and Asian Pacific Islander Gangs- Chinese Gangs- Southeast Asian Gangs- Filipino GangsNative American GangsWhite Gangs- Skinheads- Skinheads as Gangs- Nazi Low Riders4. FemalesEarly Studies and StereotypesIncreases in Female Arrests and IncarcerationFurther Developments in Female Gang ResearchDifferences and Similarities between Gang Females and MalesThe Number of Female Gangs and Gang MembersDifferent Types of Female GangsFemale Gang ViolenceSexual VictimizationIdentity, Femininity, Sexuality, and RespectPregnancy and MotherhoodProsocial Functions and Post-Gang Lives5. Drug Use and SalesSubstance Use PatternsAlcoholMarijuanaOther Illicit DrugsAttitudes about Hard Drug UseDrug AddictionDrug SellingMyths about Drug SellingDrug Sales and Violence6. Violence and VictimizationThe Definition of Gang-Related ViolenceThe Prevalence of Gang ViolenceWitness IntimidationFightingFirearmsHomicideVictimization7. Style and MediaCultural CriminologyThe Importance of StyleInterpreting GraffitiGangsta RapHomology, Diffusion, and CriminalizationThe Mass MediaMoral Panics, Policy, and Other OutcomesThe Internet8. Theories on Gangs and Gang BehaviorsMultiple MarginalizationEnhancement, Selection, and Facilitation HypothesesGangs as ResistanceWomen's Liberation and Social Injury HypothesesMarijuana NormalizationTheoretical Miscellanea- Control Theory- Labeling- BiosocialPerspectives on Gang Violence- Threat- Locura- Subculture of Violence- Masculinity- Violence as Transcendence- Grounded CultureToward a Theory on Gang Fighting9. Prison GangsThe Emergence of Prison GangsThe Number of Prison GangsPrison Gangs Based on Race- Aryan Brotherhood- The Mexican Mafia- Black Guerilla FamilyDifferences and Similarities between Street and Prison GangsThe Relationship between Prison Gangs and Street GangsRadicalization and Prison GangsPrison Gang MisconductPrison Guard Misconduct and GangsLeaving Prison GangsRecidivismResponding to Prison Gangs10. Desistance and Leaving the GangDesistance from Crime and Delinquency- The Life-Course Perspective- Identity and Agency- Hooks for Change- Displacement and Drug Use- Desistance MiscellaneaLeaving the Gang- Violent Rituals- Positions within the Gang and Gang Organization- A Shift in Peer Network Affiliations- A Reduction in Risk Behaviors and Victimization- Family and Employment- Routine Activities and DispositionHave They Really Left?Resisting Gangs11. Public Health AspectsGang Youth and Public HealthUnsafe Sexual Behaviors and STIsIncarceration as Health RiskSymptoms of Mental Health Illness and Psychiatric DiagnosesHomelessnessInjuriesHealth MiscellaneaNursing InterventionToward a Public Health Agenda for Gang Youth12. Gangs outside of the United StatesEngland- Early Research- South London, 1996-2002- Modern InvestigationsEurogang Research- Holland- Germany- France- Spain- Italy- Northern Countries- Russia- Canada- IsraelLatin America- Mexico- The Caribbean- Central America- BrazilAustraliaChina13. Suppression, Intervention, and PreventionSuppression- Gang Legislation- Civil Gang Injunctions- Police Gang Units- Gang Cop Misconduct- Boston Gun Project- DiversionIntervention- The Chicago Area Project- Interventionists- The Spergel Model- The Comprehensive Strategy- Problems with Citywide Approaches- Homeboy Industries- Cure Violence- TrucesPrevention- Gang Resistance Education and Training (GREAT)- Other Gang Educational CurriculaAppendixReferencesCreditsSubject IndexAuthor Index

Editorial Reviews

"This book offers a fresh and timely approach to understanding gangs in the United States. It is a contemporary synthesis of a wide range of gang research, complemented by the author's own findings." --Robert Garot, John Jay College of Criminal Justice