Gangsters Without Borders: An Ethnography of a Salvadoran Street Gang by T.W. WARD

Gangsters Without Borders: An Ethnography of a Salvadoran Street Gang


Paperback | June 1, 2012

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Based on author T.W. Ward's eight and a half years in Los Angeles conducting participant observation with MS-13, Gangsters Without Borders: An Ethnography of a Salvadoran Street Gang takes an inside look at gang life in the United States and in a global context. Taking us through their journey from their homeland in El Salvador to the mean streets of Los Angeles, Gangsters Without Borders offers a perspective from the point of view of the hard-core members who live this hard, fast, and dangerous life. A powerful and engaging overview of gang dynamics, Gangsters Without Borders contextualizes the sources and severity of the marginalization felt by Salvadoran immigrants and debunks myths about street gangs in the United States. This account of gangster's lives before, during, and after theirinvolvement with the gang, delivers an intimate and analytical portrait unlike any other.

About The Author

T.W. Ward is Associate Professor of Teaching in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Southern California.

Details & Specs

Title:Gangsters Without Borders: An Ethnography of a Salvadoran Street GangFormat:PaperbackDimensions:256 pages, 8.11 × 5.39 × 0.59 inPublished:June 1, 2012Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:019985906X

ISBN - 13:9780199859061

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Table of Contents

1. War Trauma and the Cycle of Violence1. Jose Amaya Is IntroducedHis Background and Reasons for Joining MS2. Stereotypes of Street Gangs3. Street Gangs as Surrogate Families4. My Background and How the Research Got Started5. Methodology6. Research Objectives7. Further Methodological Issues8. Confidentiality9. Composite Characters10. 'Hard-core Gangsters'11. Themes of Subsequent Chapters2. The Beauty and the Horror - Memories of El Salvador1. Jose Becomes Trouble2. Trouble's Fond Homeland Memories3. Cuscatlan, Land of Riches4. Revolution in El Salvador5. Terror in the Streets and at Home6. Family Ruptures7. Crossing Borders3. Hard Times - Welcome to America1. Family Reunion - Mending the Bonds of Trust2. Tongue Tied and Bullied3. Gang Initiation - Welcome to the Barrio4. The Anatomy of a Decision5. Escape from Misery6. Jales, Jainas y Ranflas4. From Prey to Predators: The Origins and Transformation of MS1. Origin Myths of Mara Salvatrucha2. A Devil's Pact: The Mara Salvatrucha Stoners3. The Structure and Leadership of Street Gangs4. Who Calls the Shots?5. Democratic Anarchy: Collective Leadership within MS6. Gang Taboos7. Boredom in Street Gang Life8. Banging and Slanging5. 'Girls' in Gangs - On the Margins of Masculinity1. The Death of Lonely2. Angel's Decision to Join MS3. Rebels and Runaways4. Sexing In--'The Easy Way'5. 'Trust No Bitch' - Spies, Snitches, Traitors, and Rats6. The Sexual Double Standard7. Dating the Enemy8. The 'Catch 22' of Respect9. Pregnancy and Motherhood10. 'Mothers of Us All'11. Angel's Descent6. Live Fast, Die Young1. Street Gangs as Warrior Societies2. Who's the Enemy?3. Gang Warfare4. The Enemy Within5. Suicide--Grief and Loss6. 'The World's Most Dangerous Gang'7. Becoming Calmado1. Exiting the Gang2. De Corazon--The Heart Connection3. More Die of Heartbreak--The Process of Disillusionment4. 'The Devil We Know'5. Afterlives8. Epilogue1. Possible Interventions for Gang Members