Gas Transport in Porous Media by Clifford K. HoGas Transport in Porous Media by Clifford K. Ho

Gas Transport in Porous Media

byClifford K. HoEditorStephen W. Webb

Hardcover | September 27, 2006

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CLIFFORD K. HOAND STEPHEN W. WEBB Sandia National Laboratories, P. O. Box 5800, Albuquerque, NM 87185, USA Gas and vapor transport in porous media occur in a number of important applications includingdryingofindustrialandfoodproducts,oilandgasexploration,environm- tal remediation of contaminated sites, and carbon sequestration. Understanding the fundamental mechanisms and processes of gas and vapor transport in porous media allows models to be used to evaluate and optimize the performance and design of these systems. In this book, gas and vapor are distinguished by their available states at stan- ? dard temperature and pressure (20 C, 101 kPa). If the gas-phase constituent can also exist as a liquid phase at standard temperature and pressure (e. g. , water, ethanol, toluene, trichlorothylene), it is considered a vapor. If the gas-phase constituent is non-condensable at standard temperature and pressure (e. g. , oxygen, carbon di- ide, helium, hydrogen, propane), it is considered a gas. The distinction is important because different processes affect the transport and behavior of gases and vapors in porous media. For example, mechanisms specific to vapors include vapor-pressure lowering and enhanced vapor diffusion, which are caused by the presence of a g- phase constituent interacting with its liquid phase in an unsaturated porous media. In addition, the "heat-pipe" exploits isothermal latent heat exchange during evaporation and condensation to effectively transfer heat in designed and natural systems.
Title:Gas Transport in Porous MediaFormat:HardcoverDimensions:446 pagesPublished:September 27, 2006Publisher:Springer-Verlag/Sci-Tech/TradeLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:1402039611

ISBN - 13:9781402039614

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Table of Contents

Table of Contents 1. IntroductionC.K. Ho and S.W. Webb Part 1: Processes and Models 2. Gas Transport MechanismsS.W. Webb 3. Vapor Transport ProcessesC.K. Ho 4. Solid/Gas PartitioningS.K. Ong 5. Two-Phase Gas TransportS.W. Webb 6. Conservation EquationsS. Whitaker 7. Gas-Phase Dispersion in Porous MediaM.S. Costanza-Robinson and M.L. Brusseau 8. Gas Injection and Fingering in Porous MediaM. Sahimi, M. Reza Rasaei, and M. Haghighi 9. Unstable and Fingering Gas Flow in FracturesP. Persoff 10. Natural Convection Gas Transport in Porous MediaK. Khanafer and K. Vafai 11. Scaling Issues in Porous and Fractured MediaV.C. Tidwell 12. Numerical Codes for Continuum Modeling of Gas Transport in Porous MediaK. Pruess 13. Lattice Boltzmann Method for Calculating Fluid Flow and Dispersion in Porous and Fractured MediaH.W. Stockman Part 2: Measurement and Monitoring 14. Experimental Determination of Transport ParametersO. Solcova and P. Schneider 15. Air Permeability Measurements in Porous MediaV.C. Tidwell 16. Analyzing Barometric Pumping to Characterize Subsurface PermeabilityJ. Rossabi 17. Subsurface Flow MeasurementsJ. Rossabi 18. Measurement of Vapor ConcentrationsC.K. Ho, M. Kelly and M.T. Itamura 19. In-Situ Measurement of InducedContaminant FluxA. Tartre Part 3: Applications 20. Radon TransportB.W. Arnold 21. Gas Transport Issues in Landmine DetectionJ. Phelan 22. Environmental Remediation of Volatile Organic CompoundsR. Falta 23. Yucca Mountain Heater TestsY.Y.W. Chang 24. Impact of Gas Generation on the Performance of the Waste Isolation Pilot PlantP. Vaughn 25. Oil and Gas Industry Applications of Gas Flow in Porous MediaD.J. Borns 26. Geological Carbon Sequestration: CO2 Transport in Depleted Gas ReservoirsC.M. Oldenburg 27. Industrial Gas Transport Processes Involving Heat TransferO.A. Plumb Index