Gendarmes and the State in Nineteenth-Century Europe

Hardcover | October 14, 1999

byClive Emsley

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The history of police and policing have been the subject of much interest and research in recent years, but this book provides the first serious academic exploration of the origins and development of the role of soldier-policemen: the gendarmeries of nineteenth-century Europe. The author presents a detailed account of the French Gendarmeries from the old regime up to the First World War, and looks at the reasons for how and why this model came to be exported across continental Europe in the wake of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic armies. In particular their role isexamined within the differing national contexts of Italy, Germany and the Habsburg Empire. The gendarmeries, it is argued, played a significant role in establishing the state, particularly in rural areas. As the physical manifestation of the state, gendarmes carried the state's law and a promise of protection, whilst at the same time ensuring in turn that the state received its annuallevies of conscripts and taxes This account fully explores how the organisation and style of nineteenth-century soldier-policing in France developed in such a way that it brought the idea of the state and the state's law to much of twentieth-century continental Europe.

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The history of police and policing have been the subject of much interest and research in recent years, but this book provides the first serious academic exploration of the origins and development of the role of soldier-policemen: the gendarmeries of nineteenth-century Europe. The author presents a detailed account of the French Gend...

Clive Emsley is a Professor of History at The Open University.

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Format:HardcoverPublished:October 14, 1999Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198207980

ISBN - 13:9780198207986

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Table of Contents

Part 1: The Coming of the Gendarmes1. Introduction2. The most useful corps for the nation: The marechaussee3. Gendarmes and the Revolution4. Gendarmes in Napoleonic FrancePart 2: France: Consolidation5. The Gendarmerie and the Restoration6. Gendarmes and the July Monarchy7. Gendarmes Imperial and RepublicanPart 3: Europe: Spreading the Model8. Policing Rural Europe before Napoleon9. Gendarmes across the Empire10. Gendarmes beyond the Empire11. Variations: Carabinieri12. Variations: Landjagers and Gendarmes13. Variations: The Habsburg Lands14. Variations: Elsewhere15. 'The man praising order'Bibliography

Editorial Reviews

`This remarkable book is the fruit of extensive research in French, German, Italian and Austrian archives ... Thanks to its superb sholarship and graceful style, Emsley's book will be read for decades.'S. Bailey, Choice, Jun 00.