Genocide and Retribution: The Holocaust in Hungarian-Ruled Northern Transylvania by R.L. BrahamGenocide and Retribution: The Holocaust in Hungarian-Ruled Northern Transylvania by R.L. Braham

Genocide and Retribution: The Holocaust in Hungarian-Ruled Northern Transylvania

EditorR.L. Braham

Paperback | October 19, 2011

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During the dark years of the Holocaust, many of the millions of labor and concentration camp victims were sustained in their struggle for survival by the hope that their tormentors would not escape retribution. This expectation was reinforced by the warnings issued by the statesmen of the anti-Axis coalition and the declarations of the United States, Great Britain, and the USSR. Shortly after the cessation of hostilities, war crimes trials were indeed initiated in all parts of liberated Europe. Many of the accused were indicted, among other things, for crimes committed against Jews. People's tribunals for the prosecution of war crimes and crimes against humanity were also estab­ lished in Romania, a country that extricated itself from the Axis Alliance on 23 August 1944. The Romanian people's tribunals were set up and operated under the provi­ sions of Law No. 312, issued by the Ministry ofJustice on 21 April 1945. One ofthese tribunals was established in Cluj (Kolozsvar) and entrusted primarily with the prosecution of those involved in the violation of the rights of people living in Northern Transylvania, the part of the province that was transferred to Hungary under the terms of the Second Vienna Award (August 1940) and which remained under Hungarian rule from early September 1940 until its liberation by Soviet-Romanian forces in the fall of 1944. The crimes committed against the citizens of Northern Transylvania both within and outside the province were the subject of two major trials.
Title:Genocide and Retribution: The Holocaust in Hungarian-Ruled Northern TransylvaniaFormat:PaperbackPublished:October 19, 2011Publisher:Springer NetherlandsLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:940096689X

ISBN - 13:9789400966895


Table of Contents

I Introductory Essay.- The Jews of Transylvania: A Historical Overview.- The Post-World War I Era.- Northern Transylvania under Hungarian Rule.- The German Occupation and the Final Solution.- The Ghettoization in Northern Transylvania: An Overview.- Notes.- II Judgment of the People's Tribunal of Cluj (Kolozsvár); 31 May 1946, Judgment Number 8.- The Nagyvárad Ghetto.- The Ghetto of Szatmárnémeti.- The Ghetto of Kolozsvár.- The Ghettos in the Székely Land.- The Ghetto of Marosvâsârhely.- The Ghetto of Szászrégen.- The Ghetto of Sepsiszentgyörgy.- The Ghetto of Máramarossziget.- The Ghetto of Szilágysomlyó.- The Ghetto of Dés.- The Beszterce Ghetto.- The Sentences.- Notes.- III Appendixes.- 1. Reference List of Selected Geographic Name Changes.- 2. Number of Jews Deported from the Major Entrainment Centers in Northern Transylvania by Transport and Date of Entrainment;.- 3. Law No. 312 of the Romanian Ministry of Justice, dated 21 April 1945.- 4. Statement of Laszlo Endre of 17 December, 1945.- 5. Statement of Laszlo Baky of 18 December, 1945.- Selected Bibliography.