Geochemical Reaction Modeling: Concepts and Applications

Hardcover | May 9, 1996

byCraig M. Bethke

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Geochemical reaction modeling plays an increasingly vital role in several areas of geoscience, from environmental geochemistry and petroleum geology to the study of geothermal and hydrothermal fluids. This book provides an up-to-date overview of the use of numerical methods to model reactionprocesses in the Earth's crust and on its surface. Early chapters develop the theoretical foundations of the field, derive a set of governing equations, and show how numerical methods can be used to solve these equations. Other chapters discuss the distribution of species in natural waters; methodsfor computing activity coefficients in dilute solutions and in brines; the complexation of ions into mineral surfaces; the kinetics of precipitation and dissolution reactions; and the fractionation of stable isotopes. Later chapters provide a large number of fully worked calculation examples andcase studies demonstrating the modeling techniques that can be applied to scientific and practical problems. Students in a variety of specialties from low-temperature geochemistry to groundwater hydrology will benefit from the wealth of information and practical applications this book has tooffer.

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From the Publisher

Geochemical reaction modeling plays an increasingly vital role in several areas of geoscience, from environmental geochemistry and petroleum geology to the study of geothermal and hydrothermal fluids. This book provides an up-to-date overview of the use of numerical methods to model reactionprocesses in the Earth's crust and on its sur...

Craig M. Bethke is at University of Illinois, Urbana.

other books by Craig M. Bethke

Format:HardcoverDimensions:416 pages, 9.57 × 6.46 × 0.98 inPublished:May 9, 1996Publisher:Oxford University Press

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195094751

ISBN - 13:9780195094756

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction2. Modeling OverviewPart 1--Equilibrium in Natural Waters3. The Equilibrium State4. Changing the Basis5. Solving for the Equilibrium State6. Equilibrium Models of Natural Waters7. Activity Coefficients8. Surface Complexation9. Automatic Reaction Balancing10. UniquenessPart 2--Reaction Processes11. Mass Transfer12. Polythermal, Fixed, and Sliding Paths13. Geochemical Buffers14. Geochemical Kinetics15. Stable IsotopesPart 3--Applied Reaction Modeling16. Hydrothermal Fluids17. Geothermometry18. Evaporation19. Sediment Diagenesis20. Kinetic Reaction Paths21. Waste Injection Wells22. Petroleum Reservoirs23. Acid DrainageAppendix 1. Sources of Modeling SoftwareAppendix 2. Evaluating the HMW Activity ModelAppendix 3. Band FilteringAppendix 4. Minerals in the LLNL DatabaseAppendix 5. Nonlinear Rate LawsReferencesIndex

Editorial Reviews

"The book . . . is divided into three parts devoted to equilibrium concepts and calculations, reaction processes, and applied reaction modeling. . . . In Part 1, I found new material on and/or novel presentations of surface complexation and viral methods for determining activity coefficientsin brines. Chapters on uniqueness and uncertainty in geochemical methods also caught my attention because these issues invariably come up in using inverse modeling codes such as NETPATH . . . Part 2 on reaction processes contains interesting chapters on geochemical buffers and stable isotopes . . .Part 3 covers applied reaction modeling with chapters and case histories on hydrothermal fluids, goethermometry, evaporation, sediment diagenesis, kinetic reaction paths, waste injection wells, petroleum reservoirs, and acid drainage. . . . In summary, this is a book that could be useful to anexperienced geochemist . . ."--Mathematical Geology