Geographical and Environmental Epidemiology: Methods for Small Area Studies by P. ElliottGeographical and Environmental Epidemiology: Methods for Small Area Studies by P. Elliott

Geographical and Environmental Epidemiology: Methods for Small Area Studies

EditorP. Elliott, J. Cuzick, D. English

Paperback | July 25, 1996

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Now available in paperback, this book is the first to address both the theoretical and practical issues which arise when describing the geographical distribution of disease and investigating apparent disease clusters. Requirements in terms of population data, disease incidence, and mortalityare considered and related to the scale at which a study is being carried out. Statistical methods are reviewed for large scale correlation studies, intermediate scale map smoothing exercises, and small scale clustering investigations. Problems of measuring environmental exposures at differentscales are also reviewed.These issues are then related to current practice via comprehensive set of case studies which include a large correlation study in China, clustering of asthma attacks, the Sellafield-leukaemia cluster, environmental clusters of mesothelioma in Turkey, and a multi-source study if cancer incidencearound an incinerator.
J. Cuzick is at Imperial Cancer Research Fund, London.
Title:Geographical and Environmental Epidemiology: Methods for Small Area StudiesFormat:PaperbackDimensions:404 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.91 inPublished:July 25, 1996Publisher:Oxford University Press

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0192622358

ISBN - 13:9780192622358


Table of Contents

PART I: Introduction1. Geographical epidemiology and ecological studies2. Small-area studies: purpose and methods3. Health and the environment: the significance of chemicals and radiationPART II: Data, computational methods, and mapping4. Mortality data5. Cancer incidence data for adults6. Cancer incidence data for children7. Congenital anomalies8. Specialized registers9. Population counts in small areas10. Use of routine data in studies of point sources of environmental pollution11. Socio-economic confounding12. Use of record linkage in small-area studies13. Confidentiality14. Practical approaches to disease mapping15. Estimating environmental exposures16. Mapping environmental exposurePART III: Statistical methods17. Statistical methods for geographical correlation studies18. Bayesian methods for mapping disease risk19. Statistical methods for analysing point-source exposures20. Some comments on methods for investigating disease risk around a point source21. Methods for the assessment of disease clustersPART IV: Studies of health and the environment22. Environmental epidemiology: a historical perspective: Guidelines for the investigation of clusters of adverse health events23. Studies of disease clustering: problems of interpretationPART V: Case studies24. Childhood leukaemia around the Sellafield nuclear plant25. The epidemic of respiratory cancer associated with erionite fibres in the Cappadocian region of Turkey26. Soya bean as a risk factor for epidemic asthma27. The Sevesco accident28. Cancer of the larynx and lung near incinerators of waste solvents and oils in Britain29. A study of geographical correlations in China

Editorial Reviews

`there is much that we can learn from it as many of the methodological problems are generic and catholic ... This book can be confidently recommended for graduate students, career and research epidemiologists, and especially those in public health.'Martin Hugh-Jones, Louisiana State University, Preventive Veterinary Medicine 24 (1995)