Geology and Health: Closing the Gap

Hardcover | February 15, 2003

EditorH. Catherine W. Skinner, Antony R. Berger

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Geology and Health is an integration of papers from geo-bio-chemical scientists on health issues of concern to humankind worldwide, demonstrating how the health and well-being of populations now and in the future can benefit through coordinated scientific efforts. International examples ondusts, coal, arsenic, fluorine, lead, mercury, and water borne chemicals, that lead to health effects are documented and explored. They were selected to illustrate how hazards and potential hazards may be from natural materials and processes and how anthropomorphic changes may have contributed todisease and debilitation instead of solutions. Introductory essays by the editors highlight some of the progress toward scientific integration that could be applied to other geographic sites and research efforts. A global purview and integration of earth and health sciences expertise could benefit the future of populations from many countries.Effective solutions to combat present and future hazards will arise when the full scope of human interactions with the total environment is appreciated by the wide range of people in positions to make important and probably expensive decisions. A case to illustrate the point of necessary crossoverbetween Geology and Health was the drilling of shallow tube wells in Bangladesh to provide non-contaminated ground water. This "good" solution unfortunately mobilized arsenic from rocks into the aquifer and created an unforeseen or 'silent' hazard: arsenic. Geologists produce maps of earth materials and are concerned with natural processes in the environment with long time-frame horizons. The health effects encountered through changing the water source might have been avoided if the hydrological characteristics of the Bangladesh delta had been knownand any chemical hazards had been investigated and documented. A recurrence of this type of oversight should be avoidable when responsible parties, often government officials, appreciate the necessity of such integrated efforts. The book extols the virtues of cooperation between the earth, lifeand health sciences, as the most practical approach to better public health worldwide.

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Geology and Health is an integration of papers from geo-bio-chemical scientists on health issues of concern to humankind worldwide, demonstrating how the health and well-being of populations now and in the future can benefit through coordinated scientific efforts. International examples ondusts, coal, arsenic, fluorine, lead, mercury, ...

H. Catherine W. Skinner is at Yale University.

other books by H. Catherine W. Skinner

Format:HardcoverDimensions:192 pages, 8.39 × 10.98 × 0.59 inPublished:February 15, 2003Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195162048

ISBN - 13:9780195162042

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Table of Contents

List of ContributorsIntroductionPart I: Natural Geologic Hazards1. Antony R. Berger: Linking Health To GeologyA. Physical--Obvious and ImmediateCommentary2. Edward Derbyshire: Natural Dust and Pneumoconiosis in High Asia3. John Grattan et al.: Human Sickness and Mortality Rates in Relation to the Distant Eruption of Volcanic Gases: Rural England and the 1783 Eruption of the Laki Fissure, IcelandB. Chemical--"Silent" and Long TermCommentary4. Peter W. Abrahams: Human Geophagy: a Review of Its Distribution, Causes, and Implications5. R. Naidu and P. R. Nadebaum: Geogenic Arsenic and Associated Toxicity Problems in the Groundwater-Soil-Plant-Animal-Human Continuum6. Geological Epidemiology: Coal Combustion in China Robert B. Finkelman et al.7. Wang Wuyi et al.: Mitigation of Endemic Arsenocosis with Selenium: an Example from China8. Eiliv Steinnes: Biogeochemical Cycling of Iodine and Selenium and Potential Geomedical Relevance9. Fiona M. Fordyce et al.: Environmental Iodine in Iodine Deficiency Disorders, with a Sri Lankan Example10. U. Lindh et al.: Mercury, a Toxic Metal, and Dental Amalgam Removal11. A. Lindvall et al.: Nuclear Accumulation of Mercury in Neutrophil Granulocytes Associated with Exposure from Dental Amalgam12. L. P. Gough, J. G. Crock, and W. C. Day: Cadmium Accumulation in Browse Vegetation, Alaska--Implications for Animal Health13. Adrian Frank: Molybdenosis Leading to Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Swedish MoosePart II: Anthropogenic Changes to the Geologic EnvironmentCommentary14. Colin Neal: Surface and Groundwater Quality and Health, with a Focus on the United Kingdom15. Jane A. Plant and Devra L. Davis: Breast and Prostate Cancer: Sources and Pathways of Endocrine-disrupting Chemicals16. John Grattan et al.: A Legacy of Empires? An Exploration of the Environmental and Medical Consequences of Metal Production in Wadi Faynan, Jordan17. Eleanora I. Robbins and Michalann Harthill: Life in a Copper Province18. Gunnar Hillerdal: Health Problems Related to Environmental Fibrous Minerals19. H. W. Mielke et al.: Anthropogenic Distribution of LeadPart III. Identifying the HazardsCommentary20. Jane A. Plant et al.: Environmental Geochemistry on a Global Scale21. O. Selinus: Biogeochemical Monitoring in Medical Geology22. T. C. Davies: Some Environmental Problems of Geomedical Relevance in East and Southern Africa23. H. Catherine W. Skinner: Geochemistry and Vertebrate Bones24. Portia O. Ceruti, Martin Fey, and Justin Pooley: Soil Nutrient Deficiencies in an Area of Endemic Osteoarthritis (Mseleni Joint Disease) and Dwarfism in Maputoland, South Africa25. Maciej Pawlikowski: Minerals in Human Blood Vessels and Their Dissolution in Vitro26. Calin A. Tatu et al.: Organic Compounds Derived from Pliocene Lignite and the Etiology of Balkan Endemic NephropathySummaryGlossary of Medical TermsIndex

Editorial Reviews

"This book is a fascinating read... Altogether, Geology and Health is an inspiration and encouragement for earth scientists and medical researchers to work together toward understanding and ameliorating natural hazards to health in the geological environment."--Pat E. Rasmussen, GeoscienceCanada