This book is an exposition of the central features of one of the most developed and sophisticated parts of modern model theory. Geometric stability theory studies the fine structure of models of stable theories. An ever present theme is the existence and structure of definable groups.Fundamental applications to a classification theory are included in the text. Recent years have seen other surprising applications to, among other things, diophantine geometry. This book will be invaluable to anyone interested in modern model theory, such as working model theorists and graduatestudents in logic.