German Humanism And Reformation: Erasmus, Luther, Muntzer, and others by ParacelsusGerman Humanism And Reformation: Erasmus, Luther, Muntzer, and others by Paracelsus

German Humanism And Reformation: Erasmus, Luther, Muntzer, and others

byParacelsusEditorReinhard Paul Becker

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Desiderius Erasmus was born, probably in 1469, in Rotterdam, Holland. He studied in Paris, traveled in England, Germany, and Italy, and wrote in Latin. Living at the time of the Renaissance when most intellectual concepts were being examined, Erasmus was a great admirer of the ancient writers and edited many of their works. Erasmus remained a Roman Catholic, but believed that many of the priests and theologians had distorted the simple teachings of Jesus. He published an edition of the New Testament-the first edition in the original Greek-in order to make clear the essential teachings of Christianity. Erasmus liked above all things clear and honest thinking; he despised intolerance and persecution. He was the greatest of the humanists because his books, more effectively than any others, propagated a humane philosophy of life, teaching that one's chief duties are to be intelligent, open-minded, and charitable. The most famous and the most influential of Erasumus' books were The Praise of Folly (1509) and Colloquies (1518). These works, written in lively, colloquial, and witty Latin, expressed his ideas on the manners and customs of his time. Erasmus exerted a powerful influence not only through his books, but also through the private letters that he wrote to a great number of humanist scholars in all parts of Western Europe. He carried on extensive correspondences with Thomas More of England. More than 1500 of his letters survive today. Erasmus died in Basel, Switzerland, on July 12, 1536.

Swiss physician, chemist, alchemist, and mystic, Philippus Aureolus Paracelsus spent his life traveling, healing, teaching, and writing. The son of a physician, he was attracted to the study of metallurgy, and his medical practice emphasized the use of chemical over herbal remedies. Paracelsus rejected the traditional medical authorities of Greek and Arabic science, such as Galen, Avicenna, and Celsus (his name can be interpreted to mean "beyond Celsus"). Instead, he steeped himself in the alchemical and Hermetic literature (the body of works attributed to the fabled Hermes Trismegistus), developing a full-blown philosophy grounded on the alchemical theory of the human as the microcosm, and of the identity of the humors with the essential chemical principles of nature. Paracelsus's teachings thus juxtapose originality and innovation with acceptance of arcane and occult beliefs and practices, a combination encountered in many Renaissance thinkers.
Desiderius Erasmus was born, probably in 1469, in Rotterdam, Holland. He studied in Paris, traveled in England, Germany, and Italy, and wrote in Latin. Living at the time of the Renaissance when most intellectual concepts were being examined, Erasmus was a great admirer of the ancient writers and edited many of their works. Erasmus rem...
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Title:German Humanism And Reformation: Erasmus, Luther, Muntzer, and othersFormat:PaperbackDimensions:320 pages, 8 × 5 × 1 inPublisher:Bloomsbury

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0826402615

ISBN - 13:9780826402615

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Table of Contents

Foreword: Roland H. Bainton
Introduction: Reinhard P. Becker
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JOHANN VON TEPL
Death and the Ploughman
Translated by K.W. Maurer
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SEBASTIAN BRANT
From The Ship of Fools; Prologue; Chapters 4, 13, 27, 32, 50, 73
Translated by Edwin H. Zeydel
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DESIDERIUS ERASMUS¿¿¿
The Praise of Folly
Translation and notes by Robert A. Fowkes
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CONRAD CELTIS
Three Poems
Translated by Reinhard P. Becker
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MARTIN LUTHER
To The Christian Nobility of the German Nation
Translation and notes by C.M. Jacobs
and revised by James Atkinson
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ULRICH VON HUTTEN
From Book of Dialogues: Fever the First
Translated by Robert A. Fowkes
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CROTUS RUBIANUS/ULRICH VON HUTTEN
From Letters of Obscure Men: Letters I, 1: I, 37; II, 1
Translated by Francis C. Stokes
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THOMAS MUNTZER
Sermon to the Princes (1524)
Well-warranted Speech in My Own Defense (1524)
Manifesto to the Miners (1525)
Translation and notes by Robert A. Fowkes
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SEBASTIAN LOTZER
The Twelve Articles of Peasantry (1525)
Translated by Robert A. Fowkes