Germany and the Holy Roman Empire: Volume I: Maximilian I to the Peace of Westphalia, 1493-1648

Paperback | October 30, 2013

byJoachim Whaley

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Germany and the Holy Roman Empire offers a striking new interpretation of a crucial era in German and European history, from the great reforms of 1495-1500 to the dissolution of the Reich in 1806. Over two volumes, Joachim Whaley rejects the notion that this was a long period of decline, andshows instead how imperial institutions developed in response to the crises of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, notably the Reformation and Thirty Years War. The impact of international developments on the Reich is also examined.The first volume begins with an account of the reforms of the reign of Maximilian I and concludes with the Peace of Westphalia in 1648. It offers a new interpretation of the Reformation, the Peasants' War, the Schmalkaldic War and the Peace of Augsburg, and of the post-Reformation development ofProtestantism and Catholicism. The German policy successfully resisted the ambitions of Charles V and the repeated onslaughtsof both the Ottomans and the French, and it remained stable in the face of the French religious wars and the Dutch Revolt. The volume concludes with an analysis of the ThirtyYears War as an essentially German constitutional conflict, triggered by the problems of the Habsburg dynasty and prolonged by the interventions of foreign powers. The Peace of Westphalia, which ended the conflict, both reflected the development of the German polity since the late fifteenth centuryand created teh framework for its development over the next hundred and fifty years.

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Germany and the Holy Roman Empire offers a striking new interpretation of a crucial era in German and European history, from the great reforms of 1495-1500 to the dissolution of the Reich in 1806. Over two volumes, Joachim Whaley rejects the notion that this was a long period of decline, andshows instead how imperial institutions devel...

Joachim Whaley read History at Christ's College Cambridge. He held Fellowships in History at Christ's College and Robinson College before becoming a Lecturer in German in the Faculty of Modern and Medieval Languages at Cambridge, where he teaches German history, thought, and language. He is the author of Religious Toleration and Socia...

other books by Joachim Whaley

Format:PaperbackDimensions:746 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.01 inPublished:October 30, 2013Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199688826

ISBN - 13:9780199688821

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Table of Contents

Introduction: Narratives of Early Modern German HistoryI. Germany and the Holy Roman Empire in 15001. Origins and Frontiers2. The Reich as a Polity3. Fragmented Territories4. The Reich and the German NationII. The Reform of the Reich and the Church c. 1490-15195. The Reformation Era in German history6. The Reich under Maximilian I7. Reich, Papacy, and Reichskirche8. Religious Renewal and the Laity9. Humanism in the Reich10. The 'Print Revolution' and the Public Sphere11. Economic Landscapes, Communities, and their Grievances12. Martin Luther and the 'Luther affair' 1517-1519III. Charles V and the Challenge of the Reformation in the 1520s13. The Reich During the First Decade of Charles V14. Luther and Imperial Politics, 1519-152615. Luther and the German Reform Movement16. Alternative Reformations and the Dominance of Lutheranism17. The Knights' War, 1522-152318. The Peasants' War, 152519. Reformation in the CitiesIV. Mastering the Reformation c. 1526-155520. The Emergence of Protestant Territories21. The Persistence of Catholicism22. Charles V, Ferdinand, and the Reich in Europe23. The Establishment of Protestantism, 1526-153024. The Schmalkaldic League, its Counterparts, and the Politics of the Reich, 1530-154125. Charles V as 'Lord of Germany', 1541-154826. The Triumph of the Reich, 1548-1555V. Managing the Peace 1555-161827. Contours of the 'Confessional Age'28. Emperors, Imperial Officials, and Estates after the Peace of Augsburg29. Constitutional developments after 1555: Reichstag, Kreise, Courts, and Legislation30. The Reich in Europe31. Managing the Domestic Peace, 1555-c.158532. The Consensus Falters, c. 1585-160333. Paralysis, 1603-161434. Problems of the Habsburg Dynasty35. The Reich in the Reign of Emperor Matthias, 1612-161936. The Crisis of the Habsburg lands37. Imperial Public Law and the Struggle over the Imperial Constitution38. Irenicism and Patriotism on the Eve of WarVI. The German Territories and Cities after 155539. Problems of Interpretation40. A Benign Environment?41. State Formation?42. Domestic Order and Defence43. Confessionalization?44. Finance, Taxation, and Estates45. The Resurgence of the Courts46. The Imperial Cities47. Responding to CrisesVII. The Thirty Years War 1618-164848. The Thirty Years War in German History49. What Kind of Conflict?50. The Reconquest of Austria and Bohemia, 1618-162351. Ferdinand Victorious52. Denmark and the War for the Reich, 1623-162953. What Kind of Reich? Sweden and the Defence of German Liberties, 1630-163554. Wallenstein and After55. France, Sweden, and the German Way, 1635-164856. The Peace of Westphalia57. The Impact of the War on German Society58. The Thirty Years War and the German PolityGlossaryBibliographyIndex

Editorial Reviews

"the most comprehensive survey of Germany's early modern history ever undertaken, the first book of its kind since the 1950s, and one of the most substantial works of historical scholarship published in the UK in 2011" --Research Horizons, University of Cambridge