Global Bioethics: Issues of Conscience for the Twenty-First Century

Hardcover | December 27, 2008

EditorRonald M. Green, Aine Donovan, Steven A. Jauss

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Medical care and biomedical research are rapidly becoming global. Ethical questions that once arose only in the narrow context of the physician-patient relationship in relatively prosperous societies are now being raised across societies, cultures, and continents. For example, what should bethe "standard of care" for clinical trials of medical innovations in poorer countries? Are researchers obligated to compare new therapies or drugs with the best known ones available, or can they use as a benchmark the actual treatments (or lack of treatments) available to poor people? Shouldpharmaceutical companies seeking to lower the costs of new drug trials be allowed to enrol citizens of less developed countries in them even when those individuals cannot afford and will not be eligible for the resulting drugs? More generally, should the norms of medicine and research be the sameacross cultures or can they adapt to local social, economic, or religious conditions? Global Bioethics gathers some of the world's leading bioethicists to explore many of the new questions raised by the globalization of medical care and biomedical research. Among the topics covered are the impactof globalization on the norms of medical ethics, the conduct of international research, the ethics of international collaborations, challenges to medical professionalism in the international setting, and the relation of religion to global bioethics.

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Medical care and biomedical research are rapidly becoming global. Ethical questions that once arose only in the narrow context of the physician-patient relationship in relatively prosperous societies are now being raised across societies, cultures, and continents. For example, what should bethe "standard of care" for clinical trials of...

Ronald M. Green is Cohen Professor for the Study of Ethics and Human Values at Dartmouth Ethics Institute; Aine Donovan is Executive Director, Dartmouth Ethics Institute; Steven A. Jauss is Assistant Professor at the University of Arkansas, Little Rock.

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:368 pages, 8.5 × 5.43 × 1.01 inPublished:December 27, 2008Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199546592

ISBN - 13:9780199546596

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Table of Contents

Part 1 Normative Bases1. Daniel Wikler and Dan W. Brock: Population-Level Bioethics: Mapping a New Agenda2. Nir Eyal: What Is It Like to Be A Bird? Wikler and Brock on the Ethics of Population Health3. Ezekiel J. Emanuel: The Evolving Norms of Medical Ethics4. JJM van Delden: Convergent Trends in Modern Medical Ethics: Medicine-based Ethics and Human RightsPart 2 Global Research Ethics5. Nancy E. Kass: Just Research in an Unjust World: Can Harm Reduction Be an Acceptable Tool for Public Health Prevention Research?6. Ana S. Iltis: Harm Reduction Research: Ethics and Compliance7. Ruth Macklin: Global Justice, Human Rights, and HealthPart 3 Biomedical/bioethical Collaborations8. Eric M. Meslin: Achieving Global Justice in Health Through Global Research Ethics: Supplementing Macklin's "Top-Down" Approach with one from the "Ground Up"9. Peter A. Singer, Archana Bhatt, Sarah E. Frew, Heather Greenwood, Jocelyn Mackie, Dilnoor Panjwani, Deepa L. Persad, Fabio Salamanca-Buentello, Beatrice Seguin, Andrew D. Taylor, Halla Thorsteinsdottir, and Abdallah S. Daar: Harnessing Advanced Technologies for Global Health EquityPart 4 Training Professional, Ethical Physicians10. Robert Martensen: Medical Education for a Changing World: On Professionalism in Medicine and Medical Education11. Kisali Pallangyo: Professionalism and Medical Education in the Developing WorldPart 5 Euthanasia and Physician-assisted Death12. J. J. M. van Delden and Margaret P. Battin: Euthanasia: Not Just for Rich CountriesPart 6 Global Bioethics and Religion13. Ronald M. Green: Embryo as Epiphenomenon: Understanding our Global Stem Cell Debates14. Denis Muller: The Role and Influence of Religions in BioethicsPart 7 Public Global Bioethics Consultations15. John Harris: Global Norms, Informed Consensus and Hypocrisy in Bioethics16. Francoise Baylis: Global Norms in Bioethics: Problems and Prospects