World poverty represents a failure of the international community to see half of the global population secure their basic socio-economic rights. Yet international law foresees cooperation as essential to the realization of these human rights. In an era of considerable interdependence andentrenched economic and political advantage, the particular features of contemporary world poverty give rise to pressing questions about the scope, evolution, and application of the international law of human rights, and the attribution of global responsibility. This book considers the evolving nature of public international law and human rights with respect to international cooperation as a basis for addressing the role and responsibility of the international community in the creation of an environment conducive to a human-centred globalization. Itoffers a detailed examination of the historically controversial right to development and, through a careful consideration of its current significance and application, reflects the importance of the rationale of the fight to development onto the critical challenge of poverty in the 21st century.Through doctrine and jurisprudence, this book charts recent changes in international law relevant to the ability of states to develop and to fulfil their human rights obligations, and the reality that they are constrained by the actions and structural arrangements of the powerful members of theinternational community. This book explores developments in the system of international safeguards meant to correspond to the deprivation of economic, social, and cultural rights today. By analyzing the approach, contribution, and current limitations of the international law of human rights to the manifestations of worldpoverty, the reader is challenged to rethink human rights and, in particular, the framing of responsibilities that are essential to their protection.