God and Skepticism: A Study in Skepticism and Fideism by T. PenelhumGod and Skepticism: A Study in Skepticism and Fideism by T. Penelhum

God and Skepticism: A Study in Skepticism and Fideism

byT. Penelhum

Paperback | October 9, 2011

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This book is an exercise in philosophical criticism. What I criticize are some variations on a recurrent theme in religious thought: the theme that faith and reason are so disparate that faith is not undermined, but strengthened, if we judge that reason can give it no support. The common name for this view is Fideism. Those representatives of it that I have chosen to discuss do more, however, than insist on keeping faith free of the alleged contaminations of philosophical argument. They consider the case for Fideism to be made even stronger if one judges that reason cannot give us truth or assurance outside the sphere of faith any more than within it. In other words, they sustain their Fideism by an appeal to Skepticism. I call them, therefore, Skeptical Fideists. Skeptical Fideism is not a mere historical curiosity. Richard Popkin has shown us how wide its impact in the formative period of modern philosophy has been; and its impact on modern theological and apologetic reasoning has been immense. In my view, anyone who wishes to assess many of the assump­ tions current in the theologies of our time has to take account of it; I think, therefore, that there is a topical value in examining the figures whose views I discuss here - Erasmus, Montaigne, Bayle, and more importantly, Pascal and Kierkegaard.
Title:God and Skepticism: A Study in Skepticism and FideismFormat:PaperbackPublished:October 9, 2011Publisher:Springer NetherlandsLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:9400970854

ISBN - 13:9789400970854


Table of Contents

1: Two Kinds of Fideism.- Skepticism, Classical and Modern.- Skepticism and Fideism.- 2: Conformist Fideism - I.- Erasmus, Montaigne, and Bayle.- Skepticism and Faith.- 3: Conformist Fideism - II.- The Coherence of Pyrrhonism.- Belief and Will.- The Pyrrhonist Stance.- The Clash with Reason.- Summary.- 4: Evangelical Fideism - I.- Pascal.- Kierkegaard.- 5: Evangelical Fideism - II.- The Rejection of Proof.- The Hiddenness of God.- Faith, Reason, and the Heart.- 6: Skepticism, Parity, and Religion - The Case of Hume.- Skepticism and Naturalism in Hume's Philosophy.- Skepticism and Religion.- Hume and the Parity Argument.- 7: Fideism and Some Recent Arguments.- Evangelical Fideism - A Recapitulation.- Two Recent Versions of the Parity Argument.- Conformist Fideism and Contemporary Philosophy.- 8: The Nature of Faith.

Editorial Reviews

`The whole book is characterised by the scrupulous care, the responsible use of texts, the consistent intellectual candour, and the cautiously constructive aims, with which we have become familiar in Penelhum's other writings.'
Canadian Philosophical Reviews