Good Reasoning Matters!: A Constructive Approach to Critical Thinking

Paperback | October 17, 2012

byLeo A. Groarke, Christopher W. Tindale

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a href="http://www.oupcanada.com/ebrochure/groake/index.html"img src="/images/hed/closer_look_btn.gif"/aNow in its fifth edition, Good Reasoning Matters! is a practical guide to recognizing, evaluating, and constructing arguments. Combining straightforward instruction with abundant exercises and examples, this innovative introduction to argument schemes and rhetorical techniques will help studentslearn to think critically both within and beyond the classroom.

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a href="http://www.oupcanada.com/ebrochure/groake/index.html"img src="/images/hed/closer_look_btn.gif"/aNow in its fifth edition, Good Reasoning Matters! is a practical guide to recognizing, evaluating, and constructing arguments. Combining straightforward instruction with abundant exercises and examples, this innovative introduction t...

Leo A. Groarke is the president and vice-chancellor of Trent University. His research interests include the history of ideas, social and political philosophy, informal logic, and argumentation theory. He has published numerous books, chapters, and journal articles in these and other areas. Christopher W. Tindale is professor of phil...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:480 pages, 9 × 7 × 0.65 inPublished:October 17, 2012Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195445759

ISBN - 13:9780195445756

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Table of Contents

1. Making Room for an ArgumentWhy Make Room for an Argument?Defining ArgumentArguers and Systems of BeliefAudiencesOpponents and Proponents2. Bias: Reading Between the LinesBiasDetecting Illegitimate BiasesDifficult Cases3. Arguments, Weak and StrongBurden of ProofStrong ArgumentsLogical Consequence: Deductive and Inductive ValidityContextual RelevanceSchemes and Counter-Schemes4. Dressing ArgumentsSimple and Extended ArgumentsInference Indicators: Distinguishing Arguments and Non-ArgumentsArguments without Indicator WordsArguments and ExplanationsArgument Narratives5. Argument DiagramsArgument Diagrams: Simple ArgumentsDiagramming Extended ArgumentsLinked and Convergent PremisesSupplemented DiagramDiagrammng Your Own Arguments6. Hidden Argument ComponentsSpeech Acts and the Principles of CommunicationHidden ConclusionsHidden PremisesNon-Verbal Elements in Argument: Flags and DemonstrationsSymbols and MetaphorsA Note on Argument Construction7. Definitions: Saying What You MeanUsing Words PreciselyVagueness and AmbiguityFormulating DefinitionsRules for Good DefinitionsExpressing Your Intended Meaning8. Weighing EvidenceAcceptable, Unacceptable, or Questionable?Conditions of AcceptabilityConditions of UnacceptabilityInternal RelevanceSufficiencyApplying the Criteria9. Looking for the FactsGeneralizationsPollingGeneral Causal Reasoning10. More Empirical Schemes and the Reasons of ScienceParticular Causal ReasoningArguments from IgnoranceScientific Reasoning11. Schemes of ValueSlippery-Slope ArgumentsArguments from AnalogyAppeals to PrecedentTwo-Wrongs Reasoning12. Ethotic SchemesPro HomineAd Populum ArgumentsArguments from AuthorityAd HominemArguments Against AuthorityAppeal to Eyewitness TestimonyGuilt (and Honour) by AssociationOther Cases13. Essaying an ArgumentThe Good Evaluative CritiqueThe Good Argumentative EssayA Student's PaperConclusionAppendix A: Syllogisms: Classifying ArgumentsCategorical StatementsImmediate InferencesCategorical SyllogismsVenn DiagramsAppendix B: Propositional Logic ISimple and Complex PropositionsDisjunctions and ConditionalsTranslationPropositional Schemes and ProofsAppendix C: Propositional Logic IIConditional ProofsReductio ad AbsurdumDilemmasDe Morgan's LawsSummary: Rules of Inference

Editorial Reviews

"The concepts and skills are generally accessible, with good use of examples and illustrations in developing the topics." -- Ahmad Rahmanian, University of New Brunswick