Gradience in Grammar: Generative Perspectives

Hardcover | October 19, 2006

EditorGisbert Fanselow, Caroline Fery, Matthias Schlesewsky

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This book represents the state of the art in the study of gradience in grammar - the degree to which utterances are acceptable or grammatical, and the relationship between acceptability and grammaticality. Gradience is at the centre of controversial issues in the theory of grammar and theunderstanding of language. The acceptability of words and sentences may be linked to the frequency of their use and measured on a scale. Among the questions considered in the book are: whether such measures are beyond the scope of a generative grammar or, in other words, whether the factorsinfluencing acceptability are internal or external to grammar; whether observed gradience is a property of the mentally represented grammar or a reflection of variation among speakers; and what gradient phenomena reveal about the relationship between acceptability and grammaticality, and betweencompetence and performance. The book is divided into four parts. Part I seeks to clarify the nature of gradience from the perspectives of phonology, generative syntax, psycholinguistics, and sociolinguistics. Parts II and III examine issues in phonology and syntax. Part IV considers long wh-movement from differentmethodological perspectives. The data discussed comes from a wide range of languages and dialects, and includes tone and stress patterns, word order variation, and question formation. Gradience in Grammar will interest linguists concerned with the understanding of syntax, phonology, language acquisition and variation, discourse, and the operations of language within the mind.

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This book represents the state of the art in the study of gradience in grammar - the degree to which utterances are acceptable or grammatical, and the relationship between acceptability and grammaticality. Gradience is at the centre of controversial issues in the theory of grammar and theunderstanding of language. The acceptability of ...

Gisbert Fanselow is Professor of Syntax at the University of Potsdam since 1993. He started his linguistic career with a monograph on the semantic interpretation of nominal compounds (Zur Syntax und Semantik der Nominalkomposition, 1981). Later, he specialized in syntax, focusing there on topics such as configurationality (Konfigura...
Format:HardcoverDimensions:416 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.98 inPublished:October 19, 2006Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199274797

ISBN - 13:9780199274796

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Table of Contents

1. Gilbert Fanselow, Caroline Fery, Ralf Vogel, and Matthias Schlesewsky: Gradience in GrammarPart I The Nature of Gradience2. Abigail Cohn: Is There Gradient Phonology?3. Eric Reuland: Gradedness: Interpretive Dependencies and Beyond4. Stefan Frisch and Adrienne Stearns: Linguistic and Metalinguistic Tasks in Phonology: Methods and Findings5. Leonie Cornips: Intermediate Syntactic Variants in a Dialect: Standard Speech Repertoire and Relative Acceptability6. Antonella Sorace: Gradedness and Optionality in Mature and Developing Grammars7. Matthias Schlesewsky, Ina Bornkessel, and Brian McElree: Decomposing Gradience: Quantitative vs Qualitative DistinctionsPart II Gradience in Phonology8. Paul Boersma: Prototypicality Judgments As Inverted Perception9. Adam Albright and Bruce Hayes: Modeling Productivity with The Gradual Learning Algorithm: The Problem of Accidentally Exceptionless Generalizations10. Caroline Fery and Ruben Stoel: Gradient Perception of IntonationPart III Gradience in Syntax11. John A. Hawkins: Gradedness as Relative Efficiency in the Processing of Syntax and Semantics12. Matthew W. Crocker and Frank Keller: Probabilistic Grammars as Models of Gradience in Language Processing13. Ralf Vogel: Degraded Acceptability and Markedness in Syntax, and the Stochastic Interpretation of Optimality Theory14. Frank Keller: Linear Optimality Theory as a Model of Gradience in GrammarPart IV Gradience in Wh-Movement Constructions15. Gisbert Fanselow and Stefan Frisch: Effects of Processing Difficulty on Judgements of Acceptability16. Nomi Erteschik-Shir: What's What?17. Yoshihisa Kitagawa and Janet Dean Fodor: Prosodic Influence on Syntactic JudgmentsReferencesIndex