Gronlund's essential “how to text isthe bestguide on the market for writing instructional objectives and using them in teaching and assessment. This classicprovides a step-by-step guide to writing instructional objectives as intended learning outcomes. From describing how to state objectives in terms of the type of performance students must demonstrate in order to show that they have achieved the goals of the instruction, to illustrated recommended methods with numerous examples, Gronlund's is a specific procedure for writing objectives-one that can be used to achievealltypes of learning outcomes and is especially suited to teaching thinking, performance, and problem-solving skills. The text stresses the important role of objectives in the teaching-learning-assessment process-starting from state content standards-and how objectives can be used to improve student learning.
New to the eighth edition:
- NEW-Chapter-specificInstructional Objectives, written in the Gronlund formatare found at the beginning of each chapter and serve as a model and highlight for students the explicit learning goals for the chapter.
- NEW-Exercises that mirror some of the defined learning outcomes for that chapterhave been added at the end ofeverychapter giving students the opportunity to practice and sharpen their skills.
- NEW-Added content on how instructional objectives are used with formative and summative assessment.
- NEW- Chapter 4,Content Standards and Instructional Objectivesaddresses the increasing reliance on state content standards in classroom teaching as a basis for writing instructional objectives and includes new examples from six different states to illustrate this process for students.
- NEW-Bloom's TaxonomyandThe Webb Depth of Knowledge Levelsare featured in Chapter Five.