Group Behaviour and Development: Is the Market Destroying Cooperation?

Paperback | September 1, 2002

EditorJudith Heyer, Frances Stewart, Rosemary Thorp

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This book focuses on group behaviour in developing countries. It includes studies of producer and community organizations, NGOs, and some public sector groups. Despite the fact that most economic decisions are taken by people acting within groups -- families, firms, neighbourhood or community associations, and networks of producers -- the analysis of group functioning has not received enough attention, particularly among economists. Some groups function well, from the perspectives of equity, efficiency, and well-being, while others do not. This book explores why. It covers groups that perform three types of function: overcoming market failures (e.g. producer organizations); improving the position of their members (e.g. TradeUnions), and distributing resources to the less well-off (e.g. NGOs and the public sector). It contrasts three modes of group behaviour: power and control; cooperation; and the use of material incentives. It explores what determines modes of behaviour of groups, and the consequences for efficiency,equity, and well-being. The book includes eleven case studies by different authors, including producers' associations in Brazil, farmers' organizations in Korea and Taiwan, community forestry groups in South Asia, organizations of sex-workers in Calcutta, and health NGOs in Uganda. Claims groups tended to be the mostcooperative, cooperation fostering empowerment and self-esteem. Distributive or pro bono groups mostly operated according to power and control, while market failure groups often combined all three modes.The studies show the strong impact of norms in society as a whole on group behaviour. The recent shift towards a stronger role for market incentives has exerted powerful pressures on groups to use more material incentives, undermining the cooperation essential to sustain efficiency and equity. Theuniversal presumption in favour of monetary incentives needs to be abandoned. Non-market behaviour needs to be valued and protected as well.

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This book focuses on group behaviour in developing countries. It includes studies of producer and community organizations, NGOs, and some public sector groups. Despite the fact that most economic decisions are taken by people acting within groups -- families, firms, neighbourhood or community associations, and networks of producers -- ...

Judith Heyer has worked on different aspects of rural development in Kenya and in Tropical Africa. Her work on Kenya has included work on agricultural policy issues related to production and marketing, food policy, and poverty. She has also worked on villages in South India with a special interest in gender, caste, and class. She has ...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:382 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.83 inPublished:September 1, 2002Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199256926

ISBN - 13:9780199256921

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Table of Contents

1. Judith Heyer, J. Mohan Rao, Frances Stewart, and Rosemary Thorp: Group Behaviour and Development2. Frances Stewart: Dynamic Interactions Between the Macro-environment, Development Thinking, and Group Behaviour3. Sabina Alkire and Severine Deneulin: Individual Motivation, its Nature, Determinants, and Consequences for Within-group Behaviour4. Frederic Gaspart and Jean-Philippe Platteau: Collective Action for Local-Level Effort Regulation: An Assessment of Recent Experiences in Senegalese Small-Scale Fisheries5. Tito Bianchi: Leaders and Intermediaries as Economic Development Agents in Producers' Associations6. Larry Burmeister, Gustav Ranis, and Michael Wang: Group Behaviour and Development: A Comparison of Farmers' Organizations in South Korea and Taiwan7. Rosemary Thorp: Has the Coffee Federation Become Redundant? Collective Action and the Market in Colombian Development8. David Sneath: Producer Groups and the Decollectivization of the Mongolian Pastoral Economy9. Bina Agarwal: The Hidden Side of Group Behaviour: A Gender Analysis of Community Forestry in South Asia10. Simeen Mahmud: Information Women's Groups in Rural Bangladesh: Group Operation and Outcomes11. Nandini Gooptu: Sex Workers in Calcutta and the Dynamics of Collective Action: Political Activism, Community Identity, and Group Behaviour12. Maureen Mackintosh and Lucy Gilson: Non-market Relationships in Health Care13. Paula Tibandebage and Maureen Mackintosh: Institutional Cultures and Regulatory Relationships in a Liberalizing Health Care System: A Tanzanian Case Study14. Christy Cannon Lorgen: The Case of Indigenous NGOs in Uganda's Health Sector15. Judith Heyer, Frances Stewart, and Rosemary Thorp: Conclusions