Handbook of Brain Microcircuits

Hardcover | September 20, 2010

EditorGordon Shepherd, Sten Grillner

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The information presented in the Handbook of Brain Microcircuits was previously dispersed across the literature. In fact, some microcircuits were previously brought together for selected regions in The Synaptic Organization of the Brain edited by Gordon Shepherd (2003) and Microcircuits editedby Sten Grillner and Ann Graybiel (2006). This handbook greatly extends that coverage to over 40 regions of the vertebrate and invertebrate nervous system becoming the go-to source for key circuits within the neurosciences. In order to focus on principles, each chapter is brief, organized around 1-3wiring diagrams of the key circuits, with several pages of text that distil the functional significance of each microcircuit. The concept of microcircuits is emerging as one of the major organizing principles of the nervous system. Building on the foundation extending from Cajal, through the Editors' combined works above, to the present, the aim of this volume is several fold. First, the authors distil the currentknowledge of synaptic and functional organization of each brain region so that the most basic aspects can be summarized in synthesizing microcircuit diagrams. Second, each diagram represents specific types of operations, and in so doing function as canonical circuits, that is, microcircuits that canbe identified as carrying out generic operations that are essential to what a region contributes to the neural basis of behavior. Finally, by gathering these microcircuits within one volume, it becomes possible to begin identifying the canonical operations across different regions, that within eachregion are fine-tuned to the particular form of the information in that region and the output targets for the operations.

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The information presented in the Handbook of Brain Microcircuits was previously dispersed across the literature. In fact, some microcircuits were previously brought together for selected regions in The Synaptic Organization of the Brain edited by Gordon Shepherd (2003) and Microcircuits editedby Sten Grillner and Ann Graybiel (2006). T...

Professor Shepherd was educated at Iowa State College and Harvard Medical School during the 1950s, and received further training at Oxford University, the National Institutes of Health, and Karolinska Institutet. He has been at the Yale University School of Medicine since 1967, and has held visiting positions at the University of Penn...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:544 pages, 10 × 7 × 0.98 inPublished:September 20, 2010Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195389883

ISBN - 13:9780195389883

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Table of Contents

Gordon M. Shepherd and Sten Grillner: IntroductionContributorsPart 1: VertebratesSection 1: Neocortex1. Javier DeFelipe and Edward G. Jones: Neocortical Microcircuits2. Rodney J. Douglas and Kevan A.C. Martin: Canonical Cortical Circuits3. Henry Markram: Microcircuitry of the Neocortex4. Karel Svoboda, Bryan M. Hooks, and Gordon M.G. Shepherd: Barrel Cortex5. Apostolos P. Georgopoulos and Costas N. Stefanis: The Motor Cortical Circuit (MCC)6. Xiao-Jing Wang: Prefrontal CortexSection 2: Thalamus7. Edward G. Jones: Thalamus8. S. Murray Sherman: The Lateral Geniculate Nucleus9. David A. McCormick: Thalamocortical NetworksSection 3: Circadian System10. Gabriella B. Lundkvist and Gene Block: The Suprachiasmatic Nucleus11. J. Paul Bolam: Microcircuits of the Striatum12. Ann M. Graybiel: Templates for Neural Dynamics in the Striatum: Striosomes and Matrisomes13. Charles J. Wilson: Subthalamo-Pallidal Circuit14. Luke R. Johnson and Joseph E. Ledoux: Amygdala complex15. Gyorgy Buzsaki: Hippocampus- Intrinsic Organization16. Gyorgy Buzsaki: Hippocampus: physiology17. Edvard I. Moser, Menno P. Witter, and May-Britt Moser: Entorhinal cortexSection 6: Visual System18. Jonathan B. Demb: Retina: Microcircuits for Daylight, Twilight, and Starlight19. Frank S. Werblin and John Dowling: Evolution of Retinal Circuitry: From Then to NowSection 7: Auditory System20. Peter Dallos: Cochlea21. Eric D. Young and Donata Oertel: Cochlear Nucleus22. Yuan Wang, Jason Tait Sanchez, and Edwin W. Rubel: Nucleus LaminarisSection 8: Touch System23. Frederic Nagy: Spinal cord: dorsal hornSection 9: Olfactory System24. Gordon M. Shepherd, Michele Migliore, and David C. Willhite: Olfactory Bulb25. Donald A. Wilson and Edi Barkai: Olfactory cortexSection 10: Taste System26. Stephen D. Roper and Nirupa Chaudhari: Taste Coding and Feed-forward/ Feedback Signaling in Taste Buds27. Joseph B. Travers and Susan P. Travers: Microcircuitry of the Rostral Nucleus of the Solitary TractSection 11: Cerebellum28. Masao Ito: Cerebellar cortex29. Rodolfo R. Llinas: Olivo-Cerebellar SystemSection 12: Motor Systems30. Katsuyuki Kaneda and Tadashi Isa: Superior colliculus31. Arlette Kolta and James P. Lund: The Mammalian Brainstem Chewing Circuitry32. Sten Grillner: Lamprey Swimming Circuit33. Donald S. Faber and Henri Korn: The Mauthner Cell: Sensory Integration, Decision-making, and Motor Functions34. A. El Manira: Modulation of Lamprey Locomotor Circuit35. Keith T. Sillar and Wenchang Li: Tadpole Swimming Network36. Joseph R. Fetcho: Spinal circuit for escape in goldfish and zebrafish37. Ole Kiehn and Kimberly J. Dougherty: Locomotor circuits in the developing rodent spinal cord38. Tatiana G. Deliagina, Pavel V. Zelenin, and Grigori N. Orlovsky: The Lamprey Postural Circuit39. Jack L. Feldman: Respiratory CPGPart 2: InvertebratesSection 1: Visual System40. Nicholas J. Strausfeld: Neurons and circuits contributing to the detection of directional motion across the fly's retina41. Simon B. Laughlin: The optic lamina of fast flying insects as a guide to neural circuit designSection 2: Olfactory System42. Hong Lei, Lynne A. Oland, Jeffrey A. Riffell, Aaron Beyerlein, and John G. Hildebrand: Implications from Microcircuits of a Moth Antennal Lobe for Olfactory Information Processing43. Randolf Menzel and Jurgen Rybak: Antennal Lobe of the Honeybee44. Randolf Menzel and Jurgen Rybak: Mushroom Body of the HoneybeeSection 3: Motor Systems45. Paul S. Katz: The Tritonia Swim Central Pattern Generator46. Ronald L. Calabrese: The heartbeat neural control system of the leech47. William B. Kristan, Jr.: The Leech Local Bending Circuit48. Wolfgang Otto Friesen: Neural circuits that generate swimming movements in leeches49. Eve Marder: Stomatogastric CPG50. Yuri I. Arshavsky, Tatiana G. Deliagina, and Grigori N. Orlovsky: The swimming circuit in the Pteropod Mollusc Clione limacina51. Cornelia I. Bargmann: The circuit of chemotaxis and exploratory behavior in C. elegans52. Robert D. Hawkins, Craig H. Bailey and Eric R. Kandel: The Neuronal Circuit for Simple Forms of Learning in Aplysia