This Handbook brings together works that represent the best of feminist scholarship on India in multiple fields ranging from historical to contemporary India. The contributions from eminent feminist and gender scholars are categorized thematically and cover the following areas: law, sexuality,masculinity, caste, media, religion, labour, environment and women's movements. In each key area of debate, a classic essay is paired with another that reflects the state of the field today or the vibrant new directions toward which the field is moving. The Introduction provides a unique analytical perspective on the trajectory of gender scholarship in India as well as acomparative approach vis-a-vis western discourse on gender. This Handbook will be of considerable interest to scholars and students of gender studies, sociology, social anthropology, Indian politics, history, economics, and literature and culture studies.