Hardhats, Hippies, And Hawks: The Vietnam Antiwar Movement As Myth And Memory by Penny LewisHardhats, Hippies, And Hawks: The Vietnam Antiwar Movement As Myth And Memory by Penny Lewis

Hardhats, Hippies, And Hawks: The Vietnam Antiwar Movement As Myth And Memory

byPenny Lewis

Paperback | May 7, 2013

Pricing and Purchase Info

$31.15 online 
$34.50 list price save 9%
Earn 156 plum® points

Prices and offers may vary in store


In stock online

Ships free on orders over $25

Not available in stores


In the popular imagination, opposition to the Vietnam War was driven largely by college students and elite intellectuals, while supposedly reactionary blue-collar workers largely supported the war effort. In Hardhats, Hippies, and Hawks, Penny Lewis challenges this collective memory of class polarization. Through close readings of archival documents, popular culture, and media accounts at the time, she offers a more accurate "counter-memory" of a diverse, cross-class opposition to the war in Southeast Asia that included the labor movement, working-class students, soldiers and veterans, and Black Power, civil rights, and Chicano activists.

Lewis investigates why the image of antiwar class division gained such traction at the time and has maintained such a hold on popular memory since. Identifying the primarily middle-class culture of the early antiwar movement, she traces how the class interests of its first organizers were reflected in its subsequent forms. The founding narratives of class-based political behavior, Lewis shows, were amplified in the late 1960s and early 1970s because the working class, in particular, lacked a voice in the public sphere, a problem that only increased in the subsequent period, even as working-class opposition to the war grew. By exposing as false the popular image of conservative workers and liberal elites separated by an unbridgeable gulf, Lewis suggests that shared political attitudes and actions are, in fact, possible between these two groups.

Penny Lewis is Associate Professor of Labor Studies at the Joseph S. Murphy Institute for Worker Education and Labor Studies, City University of New York. She is the author of Hardhats, Hippies and Hawks: The Vietnam Antiwar Movement as Myth and Memory and coeditor ofThe City Is the Factory New Solidarities and Spatial Strategies in an...
Title:Hardhats, Hippies, And Hawks: The Vietnam Antiwar Movement As Myth And MemoryFormat:PaperbackDimensions:272 pages, 9.25 × 6.13 × 0.27 inPublished:May 7, 2013Publisher:Cornell University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0801478561

ISBN - 13:9780801478567

Look for similar items by category:


Table of Contents


1. Collective Memory of Vietnam Antiwar Sentiment and Protest

Part I. The Antiwar Movement: A Liberal Elite?

2. Middle Class Cultures and the Movement's Early Years

3. Countercurrents in the Movement: Complicating the Class Base

4. Countermemory I: "A Rich Man's War and a Poor Man’s Fight"

5. Countermemory II: GIs and Veterans Join the Movement

Part II. Hardhat Hawks?: Working-Class Conservatism

6. Anticipation of the Class Divide

7. Hardhats versus Elite Doves: Consolidation of the Image



Editorial Reviews

"Penny Lewis's thoroughly researched, thoughtful, and subtle book not only upends conventional wisdom about the sixties antiwar movement but does a good deal to help us rethink what class means in America. Hardhats, Hippies and Hawks is an indispensable reconsideration of a history we thought we knew."—Todd Gitlin, Columbia University, author of The Sixties: Years of Hope, Days of Rage