Healing and Society in Medieval England: A Middle English Translation of the Pharmaceutical…

Paperback | December 15, 2010

byFaye M. Getz

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Originally composed in Latin by Gilbertus Anglicus (Gilbert the Englishman), his Compendium of Medicine was a primary text of the medical revolution in thirteenth-century Europe. Composed mainly of medicinal recipes, it offered advice on diagnosis, medicinal preparation, and prognosis. In the fifteenth-century it was translated into Middle English to accommodate a widening audience for learning and medical “secrets.”
    Faye Marie Getz provides a critical edition of the Middle English text, with an extensive introduction to the learned, practical, and social components of medieval medicine and a summary of the text in modern English. Getz also draws on both the Latin and Middle English texts to create an extensive glossary of little-known Middle English pharmaceutical and medical vocabulary.

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Originally composed in Latin by Gilbertus Anglicus (Gilbert the Englishman), his Compendium of Medicine was a primary text of the medical revolution in thirteenth-century Europe. Composed mainly of medicinal recipes, it offered advice on diagnosis, medicinal preparation, and prognosis. In the fifteenth-century it was translated into Mi...

Faye Marie Getz lives in Norfolk, England, and has honorary academic appointments in the history and philosophy of science at the University of Cambridge and the Wellcome Trust Centre for the History of Medicine at University College London. She appeared as a medieval physician in Terry Jones’ Medieval Lives, an Emmy-nominated BBC docu...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:456 pages, 9 × 7 × 1.2 inPublished:December 15, 2010Publisher:University Of Wisconsin PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0299129349

ISBN - 13:9780299129347

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Extra Content

Table of Contents

Preface



Introduction


    I. Historical Background


        A. Theoretical Justifications for Pharmaceutical Practices


        B. Pharmacy, Medicine, and Commerce


    II. The Practice of Medicine in the Middle English Gilbertus Anglicus


        A. Anatomy


        B. Physiology


        C. Diagnosis


        D. Therapeutics


        E. Preparation of Medicines


    III. The Middle English Gilbertus Anglicus and Its Relationship to Middle English Recipe Collections


    IV. The Middle English Gilbertus Anglicus as a Translation


        A. The Mechanics of Translation: A Comparison of the Middle English and Latin Texts


        B. Neologism in the Middle English Gilbertus Anglicus


        C. The Lexicon of the Middle English Gilbertus Anglicus


        D. Modification of the Middle English Gilbertus Anglicus by the Copyist of Wellcome MS 537: The Removal of References to Diseases of Women and Children


    V. Gilbertus Anglicus and the Latin Text


        A. The Writings of Gilbertus Anglicus


        B. Gilbertus Anglicus and His Reputation


    VI. Description of the Manuscript


        A. Binding


        B. Physical Description


        C. Contents of the Manuscript


        D. Watermarks


        E. Dating and Script    


        F. Provenance


        G. Scribal Correction and Glossing


        H. Dialect and Orthographical Peculiarities


    VII. Editing the Manuscript


        A. Editorial Procedures


        B. Transcription Procedures


    VIII. The Middle English Gilbertus Anglicus as Part of a Compendium


        A. MSS Containing the Middle English Gilbertus Anglicus with the Incipit A mon pat woll help men in her sykeness


        B. MSS Containing the Middle English Gilbertus Anglicus with the Incipit Scotomy is such


    IX. Conclusion



The Middle English Gilbertus Anglicus from Wellcome MS 537


    Chapter I: The Head


        1. Headache


        2. Other Sicknesses of the Head


        3. Frenzy


        4. Mania


        5. Lethargy


        6. Epilepsy


        7. Apoplexy


    Chapter II: The Eyes


        1. Ache of the Eyes


        2. Ophthalmia


        3. Web, Cloth, and Nail


        4. Red Eyes


        5. Watery Eyes


        6. Canker of the Eye


        7. Injury to the Cornea


        8. Feebleness of the Sight


    Chapter III: The Eyelids and Lashes


    Chapter IV: The Ears


        1. Earache


        2. Apostem of the Ear


        3. Flowing of Blood at the Ears


        4. Worms in the Ears


        5. Ringing in the Ears


        6. Deafness


    Chapter V: The Nose


        1. The Pose


        2. Stinking of the Nostrils


        3. Nosebleed


        4. Gutta Rosacea


    Chapter VI: The Mouth


        1. Cracked Lips


        2. Stinking of the Mouth


    Chapter VII: The Teeth


        1. Toothache


        2. Worms in the Teeth


        3. Rotting of the Teeth


    Chapter VIII: The Tongue and Throat


        1. The Tongue


        2. Quinsy


    Chapter IX: The Upper Chest


        1. Hoarseness


        2. Stricture of the Breast


        3. The Cough


    Chapter X: The Lungs


        1. Apostem


        2. Spitting of Blood


        3. Spitting of Gleet


        4. Phthisis


        5. Difficulty in Breathing


    Chapter XI: The Heart


        1. The Cardiacle


        2. Syncope


    Chapter XII: The Stomach


        1. Dlfficulty in Swallowing


        2. Defective Appetite


        3. Lack of Thirst


        4. Excessive Thirst


        5. Burping


        6. Hiccups


        7. Vomiting


        8. To Stop Vomiting


        9. The Mouth of the Stomach


        10. Stomach Ache


        11. Apostem of the Stomach


        12. Colic of the Stomach


    Chapter XIII: The Guts


        1. Dysentery


        2. Bloody Flux


        3. Diarrhea


        4. Lienteria


        5. Colic


        6. Worms in the Guts


        7. Tenesmus


        8. Prolapsed Rectum


    Chapter XIV: The Liver


        1. Distemper of the Liver


        2. Stopping of the Liver


        3. Apostem of the Liver


    Chapter XV: The Spleen


    Chapter XVI: The Kidneys


        1. Ache of the Kidneys


        2. Apostem of the Kidneys


        3. Stones in the Kidneys and Bladder


    Chapter XVII: The Bladder


        1. Strangury


        2. Pissing of Blood


        3. Diabetes


        4. Urinary Incontinence


        5. The Siphac


    Chapter XVIII: The Penis


        1. Satyriasis


        2. Gonorrhea


        3. Pimples and Apostems


        4. Swelling of the Scrotum


    Chapter XIX: Hemorrhoids



Commentary



Glossary



Alphabetical List of Plants by Genus



Bibliography

Editorial Reviews

“[This] edition places in our hands a medical book that looks two ways: toward the massive Latin compilation of Gilbertus, whose rhetoric of medicine comes through surprisingly unfiltered, and toward the ‘practices’ of medicine mediated in English during the fifteenth-century.”—Lea Olsan, Studies in the Age of Chaucer