Heretics And Colonizers: Forging Russia's Empire in the South Caucasus by Nicholas B. BreyfogleHeretics And Colonizers: Forging Russia's Empire in the South Caucasus by Nicholas B. Breyfogle

Heretics And Colonizers: Forging Russia's Empire in the South Caucasus

byNicholas B. Breyfogle

Paperback | August 11, 2011

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In Heretics and Colonizers, Nicholas B. Breyfogle explores the dynamic intersection of Russian borderland colonization and popular religious culture. He reconstructs the story of the religious sectarians (Dukhobors, Molokans, and Subbotniks) who settled, either voluntarily or by force, in the newly conquered lands of Transcaucasia in the nineteenth century. By ordering this migration in 1830, Nicholas I attempted at once to cleanse Russian Orthodoxy of heresies and to populate the newly annexed lands with ethnic Slavs who would shoulder the burden of imperial construction. Breyfogle focuses throughout on the lives of the peasant settlers, their interactions with the peoples and environment of the South Caucasus, and their evolving relations with Russian state power. He draws on a wide variety of archival sources, including a large collection of previously unexamined letters, memoirs, and other documents produced by the sectarians that allow him unprecedented insight into the experiences of colonization and religious life. Although the settlers suffered greatly in their early years in hostile surroundings, they in time proved to be not only model Russian colonists but also among the most prosperous of the Empire's peasants. Banished to the empire's periphery, the sectarians ironically came to play indispensable roles in the tsarist imperial agenda. The book culminates with the dramatic events of the Dukhobor pacifist rebellion, a movement that shocked the tsarist government and received international attention. In the early twentieth century, as the Russian state sought to replace the sectarians with Orthodox settlers, thousands of Molokans and Dukhobors immigrated to North America, where their descendants remain to this day

Nicholas B. Breyfogle is Associate Professor of History at The Ohio State University. He is coeditor of Peopling the Russian Periphery: Borderland Colonization in Eurasian History and the online magazine Origins: Current Events in Historical Perspective.
Title:Heretics And Colonizers: Forging Russia's Empire in the South CaucasusFormat:PaperbackDimensions:376 pages, 9.25 × 6.13 × 0.77 inPublished:August 11, 2011Publisher:Cornell University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0801477468

ISBN - 13:9780801477461

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Table of Contents

Note on Translation and Transliteration



1. Toleration through Isolation
The Edict of 1830 and the Origins of Russian Colonization in Transcaucasia

2. To a Land of Promise
Sectarians and the Resettlement Experience


3. "In the Bosom of an Alien Climate"
Ecology, Economy, and Colonization

4. Heretics into Colonizers
Changing Roles and Transforming Identities on the Imperial Periphery

5. Frontier Encounters
Conflict and Coexistence between Colonists and South Caucasians


6. From Colonial Settlers To Pacifist Insurgents
The Origins of the Dukhobor Movement, 1887–1895

7. Peasant Pacifism and Imperial Insecurities
The Burning of Weapons, 1895–1899

The End of an Era and Its Meanings

Selected Bibliography

Editorial Reviews

"In the growing literature on the Russian Empire, Nicholas B. Breyfogle's book on the tsarist colonization of Transcaucasia stands out as an exemplary account of how the changing attitudes of the autocracy toward its imperial peripheries, and the activities of exiled dissenters, shaped the nature of Russian colonialism. From a place to send religious heretics, the South Caucasus became a region to be integrated into the empire and colonized by hardworking 'Russians.' This rich work opens up the southern borderlands for readers interested in Russia's imperial history, the story of empires, and the unique experience of the faithful as they struggled to survive on the frontier." - Ronald Grigor Suny, The University of Chicago