Heritage of Western Civilization, Volume 2 (From Revolutions to Modernity): From Revolutions To…

Paperback | June 24, 2003

byJohn L. Beatty, Oliver A. Johnson, John Reisbord

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This well-known set of readings, thoroughly updated in this edition, exposes students to an important and illustrative text on Western Civilization and its intellectual and cultural history. Ideas of diverse men and women will add multicultural and interdisciplinary insights to the minds of a new generation of students. New edition features greater coverage of diversity, new critical thinking questions, and an easier-to-read single column format.

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This well-known set of readings, thoroughly updated in this edition, exposes students to an important and illustrative text on Western Civilization and its intellectual and cultural history. Ideas of diverse men and women will add multicultural and interdisciplinary insights to the minds of a new generation of students. New edition fea...

From the Jacket

Substantially revised, the Ninth Edition of Heritage of Western Civilization provides a rich and complex picture of Western history. New editors John Reisbord and Mita Choudhury have included fourteen new selections in the Ninth Edition, six of which are authored by women. In addition, revised introductions and new questions for consi...

Format:PaperbackPublished:June 24, 2003Publisher:Pearson EducationLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0130341282

ISBN - 13:9780130341280

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From the Author

The editor assigned to a work entering its Ninth Edition takes on a special obligation. Since 1958, John Beatty and Oliver Johnson’s Heritage of Western Civilization has proved a valuable tool for countless students and instructors. Our revision of the Eighth Edition was carried out with full knowledge and respect for the fact that we were working on a book that has stood the test of time. Still, no work such as this reaches a Ninth Edition unless its editors are constantly on the lookout for ways to improve on past efforts. In a sense, our challenge was very much like that facing any teacher of Western Civilization. Given limited time, or in our case limited space, what should the instructor include and what must he or the leave out? The latter task was at least as difficult as the former. A strong argument could be made for the retention of every selection in the Eighth Edition. However, our mandate was to broaden the range of topics and authors included in this anthology without increasing its length and, in service of that goal, tough choices had to be made. We hope that the inclusion of authors such as the Muslim warrior and courtier Usamah IbnMunqidh, the Italian matriarch Alessandra Strozzi, and the Dominican witch hunters Heinrich Kramer and James Sprenger will provide readers with p richer, more complex picture of Western history. Changes to the Ninth Edition: The most important change to the Ninth Edition of the Heritage of Western Civilization is the inclusion of fourteen new selections, six of which were authored by women. New sources include: Volume I: • Esarhaddon, "Second Inscription of Esarhaddon" • Xenophon, "The Charactr of Cyrus" • Aristotle, "The Care of Infancy" • Plutarch, "The Life of Crasus" • Hildegard, Letters • Usamah IbnMunqidh, "An Appreciation of the Frankish Character" • Laura Cereta, Letters • Alessandra Strozzi, Letters Volume II: • Malleus Malificarum • Olympe de Gouges, "Declaration of the Rights of Women" • Henry Mayhew, London Labour and the London Poor • Catherine Booth, "God of Education" • W.E.B. DuBois, The Souls of Black Folk • Gusta DawidsonDraenger, Justina’s Diary In addition, the introductions to every source in both volumes of Heritage have been revised with an eye to providing students with the necessary context to explore the selection in question, while avoiding the imposition of any particular analytical framework on the material. Finally, in an effort to help facilitate students’ close reading and critique of the selections, questions for consideration have been added to the introduction to each source and at the end of the general introduction to each major section. John Reisbord Mita Choudhury

Read from the Book

The editor assigned to a work entering its Ninth Edition takes on a special obligation. Since 1958, John Beatty and Oliver Johnson's Heritage of Western Civilization has proved a valuable tool for countless students and instructors. Our revision of the Eighth Edition was carried out with full knowledge and respect for the fact that we were working on a book that has stood the test of time. Still, no work such as this reaches a Ninth Edition unless its editors are constantly on the lookout for ways to improve on past efforts. In a sense, our challenge was very much like that facing any teacher of Western Civilization. Given limited time, or in our case limited space, what should the instructor include and what must he or the leave out? The latter task was at least as difficult as the former. A strong argument could be made for the retention of every selection in the Eighth Edition. However, our mandate was to broaden the range of topics and authors included in this anthology without increasing its length and, in service of that goal, tough choices had to be made. We hope that the inclusion of authors such as the Muslim warrior and courtier Usamah Ibn-Munqidh, the Italian matriarch Alessandra Strozzi, and the Dominican witch hunters Heinrich Kramer and James Sprenger will provide readers with p richer, more complex picture of Western history. Changes to the Ninth Edition: The most important change to the Ninth Edition of the Heritage of Western Civilization is the inclusion of fourteen new selections, six of which were authored by women. New sources include: Volume I: • Esarhaddon, "Second Inscription of Esarhaddon" • Xenophon, "The Charactr of Cyrus" • Aristotle, "The Care of Infancy" • Plutarch, "The Life of Crasus" • Hildegard, Letters • Usamah Ibn-Munqidh, "An Appreciation of the Frankish Character" • Laura Cereta, Letters • Alessandra Strozzi, Letters Volume II: • Malleus Malificarum • Olympe de Gouges, "Declaration of the Rights of Women" • Henry Mayhew, London Labour and the London Poor • Catherine Booth, "God of Education" • W.E.B. DuBois, The Souls of Black Folk • Gusta Dawidson-Draenger, Justina's Diary In addition, the introductions to every source in both volumes of Heritage have been revised with an eye to providing students with the necessary context to explore the selection in question, while avoiding the imposition of any particular analytical framework on the material. Finally, in an effort to help facilitate students' close reading and critique of the selections, questions for consideration have been added to the introduction to each source and at the end of the general introduction to each major section. John Reisbord Mita Choudhury

Table of Contents

EARLY MODERN EUROPE.

Malleus Malifcarum, Witchcraft.
Discourse on Method, René Descartes.
Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina, Galileo Galilei.
Politics Drawn from the Very Words of Scripture, Bishop Bossuet.
Leviathan, Thomas Hobbes.
On Civil Government, John Locke.
An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, Adam Smith.
The Life of Gustavus Vassa, Olaudah Equiano.
The Progress of the Human Mind, Antoine-Nicolas de Condorcet.
A Discourse on the Moral Effects of the Arts and Sciences, Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen. Declaration of the Rights of Women, Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity.

THE NINETEENTH CENTURY.

Reflections on the Revolution in France, Edmund Burke.
Gothic Churches. Prometheus. Tintern Abbey, Romanticism.
An Essay on the Principle of Population, Thomas Malthus.
The Sadler Report, Child Labor.
London Labour and the London Poor, Henry Mayhew.
Manifesto of the Communist Party, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.
The Duties of Man, Guiseppe Mazzini.
The Challenge of Facts, William Graham Sumner.
God of Education, Catherine Booth.
The Will to Power, Friedrich Nietzsche.
Evolutionary Socialism, Albert Beveridge.

THE CONTEMPORARY WORLD.

A Free Man's Worship, Bertrand Russell.
An Outline of Psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud.
What is to Be Done? State and Revolution, Vladimar Ilyich Lenin.
The Souls of Black Folk, W.E.B. Du Bois.
Main Street Ten Years After, Marquis Childs.
Liberalism and Social Action, John Dewey.
Mein Kampf. Autobiography of Rudolf Hoess, Hitler and the Holocaust.
Justina's Diary, Resistance.
The Effects of the Atomic Bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, The Atomic Age.
Charter of the United Nations, The United Nations.
The Second Sex, Simone de Beauvoir.
Racism and Culture, Frantz Fanon.
Alma-Alta Declaration, Alma-Alta Declaration.