Historical and Biblical Israel: The History, Tradition, and Archives of Israel and Judah

Hardcover | January 16, 2016

byReinhard G. Kratz

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At the center of this book lies a fundamental yet unanswered question: under which historical and sociological conditions and in what manner the Hebrew Bible became an authoritative tradition, that is, holy scripture and the canon of Judaism as well as Christianity. Reinhard G. Kratz answersthis very question by distinguishing between historical and biblical Israel. This foundational and, for the arrangement of the book, crucial distinction affirms that the Israel of biblical tradition, i.e. the sacred history (historia sacra) of the Hebrew Bible, cannot simply be equated with thehistory of Israel and Judah. Thus, Kratz provides a synthesis of both the Israelite and Judahite history and the genesis and development of biblical tradition in two separate chapters, though each area depends directly and inevitably upon the other. These two distinct perspectives on Israel are then confronted and correlated in a third chapter, which constitutes an area intimately connected with the former but generally overlooked apart from specialized inquiries: those places and "archives" that either yielded Jewish documents and manuscripts(Elephantine, Al-Yahudu, Qumran) or are associated conspicuously with the tradition of the Hebrew Bible (Mount Gerizim, Jerusalem, Alexandria). Here, the various epigraphic and literary evidence for the history of Israel and Judah comes to the fore. Such evidence sometimes represents Israel'shistory; at other times it reflects its traditions; at still others it reflects both simultaneously. The different sources point to different types of Judean or Jewish identity in Persian and Hellenistic times.

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At the center of this book lies a fundamental yet unanswered question: under which historical and sociological conditions and in what manner the Hebrew Bible became an authoritative tradition, that is, holy scripture and the canon of Judaism as well as Christianity. Reinhard G. Kratz answersthis very question by distinguishing between ...

Reinhard G. Kratz is Professor of Hebrew Bible/ Old Testament at the University of Gottingen. Paul Michael Kurtz is Research Associate at the Institute of Hebrew Bible, University of Gottingen.

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Kobo ebook|Feb 8 2016

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:288 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.9 inPublished:January 16, 2016Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198728778

ISBN - 13:9780198728771

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Table of Contents

IntroductionPart A. The History of Israel and JudahI. The Premises1. The Beginning and End2. The Sources3. The Setting4. The Origins of IsraelII. The Two Kingdoms1. Transition to the Monarchy2. Saul, David, and Solomon3. The Kingdom of Israel4. The Kingdom of JudahIII. The Two Provinces1. Samaria, Judah, and the Diaspora2. The Hasmonean Kingdom3. The Herodian KingdomIV. An Outline of Religious History1. The Religion of Israel and Judah2. The Biblical Tradition3. The Jewish ReligionPart B. The Biblical TraditionI. The Premises1. Scribal Culture and Biblical Tradition2. Scribes and Scribal Schools3. Writing and Writing Media4. Pre-Biblical Written SourcesII. Transformation into Biblical Tradition1. From Weal to Woe: The Prophetic Tradition2. From People of State to People of God: The Narrative Tradition3. From Justice to Law: The Legislative Tradition4. From Divine Kingship to Kingdom of God: The Psalmic Tradition5. From Sages to Pious: The Sapiential TraditionIII. The Books of the Hebrew Bible1. The Law (Torah)2. The Prophets (Nevi'im)3. The Writings (Ketuvim)4. Apocrypha and PseudepigraphaIV. A Sketch of Literary History1. Historical and Biblical Israel2. The Era of the Two Kingdoms3. The End of Israel4. The End of Judah5. The Era of the Two Provinces6. View of the Para-Biblical TraditionPart C. Jewish ArchivesI. The Locations of LiteratureII. Between Elephantine and Qumran1. ElephantineExcursus: Al-Yahudu in Babylonia2. Qumran3. Gerizim4. Jerusalem5. AlexandriaIII. Israel and Judaism1. Non-Biblical and Biblical Judaism2. History and TraditionList of Kings and High PriestsGlossaryBibliographyIndex