History of India

Paperback | May 19, 2012

byWilliam C. Pearce

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1876 Excerpt: ...fixed, and the taxes being collected and paid in the usual manner by officials termed zemindars. Many and great changes had necessarily taken place since at the command of-Akbar, the survey and valuation of lands had been made; and the new proprietors were not blind to the necessity of a readjustment. It was, however, deemed inexpedient to make any alterations, and so matters went on as they had been wont to do, till the period of Lord Cornwallis' appointment to the governorgeneralship, when the directors drew attention to the irregularities of the system, and Cornwallis was instructed to deal with the subject. His plan was to vest the property of the soil in the zemindars. It was a question as to whom the lands belonged. Some contended that they were the property of the state; others, of the people. Cornwallis and his council inclined to the latter opinion. Their measure, however, was a compromise, inasmuch as, instead of bestowing them upon the cultivators, they made them over in perpetuity to the zemindars, to whom they had ever been accustomed to look for the revenues accruing therefrom. The zemindars were to be responsible still for the payments; and the cultivation of the land was provided for by a system of leases whereby the ryots or cultivators were secured in their tenures; and thus, a never-failing revenue was ensured. The change was considered advisable, and no doubt was well intended; but unfortunately the reform was made without due regard to the feelings, habits, and prejudices of the people whom it so greatly concerned. Hence, although it was productive of certain advantages, its drawbacks were greater. It secured a permanent revenue to the Company; but it unfortunately barred all provision for emergencies, and took no account of a prospecti...

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1876 Excerpt: ...fixed, and the taxes being collected and paid in the usual manner by officials termed zemindars. Many and great changes had nece...

Format:PaperbackDimensions:78 pages, 9.69 × 7.44 × 0.16 inPublished:May 19, 2012Publisher:General Books LLCLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0217490131

ISBN - 13:9780217490139

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