History of the Principle of Interference of Light by N. KipnisHistory of the Principle of Interference of Light by N. Kipnis

History of the Principle of Interference of Light

byN. Kipnis

Paperback | October 23, 2012

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The controversy between the wave theory and the emission theory of light early in the nineteenth century has been a subject of numerous studies. Yet many is­ sues remain unclear, in particular, the reasons for rejecting Young's theory of light. It appears that further progress in the field requires a better grasp of the overall situation in optics and related subjects at the time and a more thorough study of every factor suggested to be of importance for the dispute. This book is intended to be a step in this direction. It examines the impact of the concept of interference of light on the development of the early nineteenth­ century optics in general, and the theory of light, in particular. This is not a his­ tory of the wave theory of light, nor is it a history of the debate on the nature of light in general: it covers only that part of the controversy which involved the concept of interference. Although the book deals with a number of scientists, scientific institutions, and journals, its main character is a scientific concept, the principle of interference. While discussing the reasons for accepting or rejecting this concept I have primarily focused on scientific factors, although in some cases the human factor is examined as well. The book is a revised Ph. D. dissertation (University of Minnesota, 1984) writ­ ten under Alan E. Shapiro.
Title:History of the Principle of Interference of LightFormat:PaperbackDimensions:271 pagesPublished:October 23, 2012Publisher:Springer-Verlag/Sci-Tech/TradeLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:3034897170

ISBN - 13:9783034897174

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Table of Contents

I Interference historiography and physics.- I.1 The "mystery" of Young's theory.- I.2 New approach.- I.3 What is "Young's wave theory"?.- I.4 "Interference" or "superposition"?.- I.5 What is the "acceptance of a theory"?.- II Thomas Young and the problem of intersecting sounds.- Section I: Young.- II. 1 What did Young discover about interference?.- II.2 Young on interference of sound.- Section II: Young's predecessors.- II.3 Reinforcement of sound.- II.4 Destruction of sound.- II.5 Do intersecting sound waves interact?.- II.6 Mathematical approach to independence of sound.- II.7 Harmonics.- II.8 The third sound.- II.9 Summary.- III Young on interference of mechanical waves.- III.1 Standing waves.- III.2 Tides.- III.3 Coherence of mechanical waves.- III.4 Response to the concept of interference of sound.- a) Robison.- b) Gough.- c) Later response.- III.5 Summary.- IV Discovery of the principle of interference of light.- IV.1 Optical background.- IV.2 Transition from acoustics to optics.- IV.3 The problem of mathematical representation of light.- IV.4 What is the "law of interference"?.- IV.5 The principle of interference and the theory of interference.- V Young's theory of interference and its application.- Section I: Interference of reflected and refracted light.- V.1 The colors of thin films.- V.2 The colors of the "thick plates".- V.3 The colors of the "mixed plates".- V.4 The colors of supernumerary rainbows.- Section II: Interference of diffracted light.- V.5 The colors of striated surfaces.- V.6 Diffraction of light by a narrow body: internal fringes.- V.7 Diffraction of light by a narrow body: external fringes.- V.8 The two-slit experiment.- Section III: Young on coherence of light.- V.9 The condition of frequency.- V.10 The condition of direction.- V.11 The condition of path difference.- V.12 The condition of a common origin.- V.13 The condition of the size of a light source.- V.14 Summary.- VI Response to the principle of interference (1801-1815).- VI.1 Early comments(1801-1805):generalsurvey.- VI.2 British reviews of Young's theory(1801-1805).- a) "Non-experts".- b) The Critical Review.- c) The Monthly Review.- d) The Edinburgh Magazine.- e) The Edinburgh Review.- VI.3 Later response (1807-1815).- VI.4 Summary.- VII Fresnel and the principle of interference.- VII.1 First period(1815-1816).- a) Rediscovery of the principle of interference of light.- b) Diffraction by a narrow body.- c) Reflection and refraction of light.- d) Other applications.- e) Early definitions of the principle of interference and conditions of coherence.- VII.2 Second period (1816-1818).- VII.3 Third period (1819-1822).- VII.4 Summary.- VIII Response to Fresnel's principle of interference.- VIII.1 Arago.- VIII.2 Reception of Fresnel's first paper.- VIII.3 Contest on diffraction.- VIII.4 Response to Fresnel's prize-winning memoir.- VIII.5 Principle of interference and the wave theory.- VIII.6 Principle of interference and the emission theory.- VIII.7 Understanding of coherence after Fresnel.- VIII.8 Young's role after 1815.- VIII.9 Summary.- Conclusions.