Hitler's Empire: How The Nazis Ruled Europe

Paperback | August 25, 2009

byMark Mazower

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Draw ing on an unprecedented range and variety of original research, Hitler?s Empire sheds new light on how the Nazis designed, maintained, and lost their European dominion?and offers a chilling vision of what the world would have become had they won the war. Mark Mazower forces us to set aside timeworn opinions of the Third Reich, and instead shows how the party drew inspiration for its imperial expansion from America and Great Britain. Yet the Nazis? lack of political sophistication left them unequal to the task of ruling what their armies had conquered, despite a shocking level of cooperation from the overwhelmed countries. A work as authoritative as it is unique, Hitler?s Empire is a surprising?and controversial? new appraisal of the Third Reich?s rise and ultimate fall.

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Draw ing on an unprecedented range and variety of original research, Hitler?s Empire sheds new light on how the Nazis designed, maintained, and lost their European dominion?and offers a chilling vision of what the world would have become had they won the war. Mark Mazower forces us to set aside timeworn opinions of the Third Reich, and...

Mark Mazower is the Ira D. Wallach Professor of History at Columbia University. He is the author of Hitler’s Empire and The Balkans: A Short History, winner of the Wolfson Prize for History, among other books. He lives in New York City.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:768 pages, 8.4 × 5.6 × 1.7 inPublished:August 25, 2009Publisher:Penguin Publishing GroupLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:014311610X

ISBN - 13:9780143116103

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Customer Reviews of Hitler's Empire: How The Nazis Ruled Europe

Reviews

Rated 4 out of 5 by from Nazi Europe: A Barely Organized Chaos Mazower's Hitler's Empire is a hefty book, certainly not intended for a mainstream audience. You need solid WW2 historical knowledge to follow Mazower as he goes in details through the various political, social, and economic aspects of Europe under the Nazi rule. Although I knew before reading this book that Hitler's denial of geopolitical realities doomed Nazi Germany to defeat, I certainly never suspected how much Nazi rule of Europe had been so incompetent and short-sighted. Hitler was obsessed by the "Drang nach Osten", the march towards the East, and had no interest in the intricacies of the management of occupied Western Europe which was as a consequence joyfully plundered by Goering and his industrial associates. Meanwhile, Hitler let the usual coterie of SS racists turn Eastern Europe and Eastern Russia into a vastly failed laboratory of colonial settlement attempts by German "settlers", and a network of sinister extermination camps. As Führer, Hitler applied the "divide to rule" philosophy. Mazower shows how this approach resulted in utter chaos across Nazi-occupied Europe, with an endless number of - sometimes grossly unqualified - administrators in charge of various but conflicting responsibilities and areas. The whole thing was devoid of any strategic intent. When the winds of war started to shift against Berlin in 1942, Nazi rule across Europe fell into a frantic scramble of purely short-term grabs, all aimed at shoring up Germany's declining resources and manpower. What's most striking though is the fact that the very ideology at the heart of Nazism, racial superiority, simply meant that Germany could not be in a position to benefit from its occupation of so much of Europe. First, the Nazis squandered incredible opportunities to make allies out of the oppressed minorities of the Soviet Union (which initially greeted the Wehrmacht soldiers as liberators) through their blunt and harsh racist extermination policies. Second, a very interesting chapter on Nazi diplomacy demonstrates the complete lack of appeal of the Third Reich's foreign policy for other European nationalities. The Germans were the "Herrenvolk", the master race that was destined to rule and dominate Europe, and as such even prominent Axis countries such as Italy were never seen as true and respected partners (in comparison to the close relationship of the U.S. and U.K.) Only in 1940, for a brief period after the euphoria of France's surrender and Britain being on its knees, was some deep thinking being done on the future of Europe united behind a dominant but potentially "benevolent" Germany. In the final analysis, Hitler intended for Germany to win this war alone, and everybody else (including allies) was to be squeezed like a lemon to support the Nazis imperial ambitions. But from a demographic and economic perspective, Germany could simply not tackle both the U.S. and the Soviet Union at the same time while forfeiting any possibilities of uniting Europe behind it by their racist and repulsive occupation policies.
Date published: 2011-10-19

Extra Content

Table of Contents

Hitler's EmpireList of Illustrations
List of Maps
Acknowledgements
Abbreviations and Acronyms
Preface: The View from Varzin

Introduction

Part 1: For Greater Germany

1. Germans and Slavs: 1848-1918
2. Versailles to Vienna
3. Expansion and Escalation: 1938-40
4. The Partition of Poland
5. Summer 1940
6. War of Annihilation: Into the Soviet Union
7. Make This Land German for Me Again!
8. Organizing Disorder: 1941-2

Part 2: The New Order

9. Making Occupation Pay
10. Workers
11. Ersatz Diplomacy
12. The Final Solution: the Jewish Question
13. Collaboration
14. Eastern Helpers
15. Opposition
16. Hitler Kaputt!

Part 3: Perspectives

17. We Europeans
18. The New Order in World History

Notes
Bibliography
Index

Editorial Reviews

" Compelling . . . Mazower offers incisive details and insights that make Hitler's Empire a fascinating read."
-The Washington Post

"Drawing on an enormous amount of research, yet always writing clearly and well, Mr. Mazower takes the reader on a guided tour through every corner of the Nazis' domains."
-The New York Sun