Hot Electrons in Semiconductors: Physics and Devices

Hardcover | January 1, 1998

EditorN. Balkan

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Since the arrival of the transistor in 1947, research in hot electrons, like any field in semiconductor research, has grown at a stunning rate. From a physicist's point of view the understanding of hot electrons and their interactions with the lattice has always been a challenging problem ofcondensed matter physics. Recently, with the advent of novel fabrication techniques such as electron beam or plasma etching and the advanced growth techniques such as the molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) and metallo-organic chemical vapour deposition (MOCVD), it has become possible to fabricatesemiconductor devices with sub-micron dimensions where the electrons are confined to two (quantum well), one (quantum wire) or zero (quantum dot) dimensions. In devices of such dimensions a few volts applied to the device result in the setting up of very high electric fields, hence a substantialheating of electrons. Thus electronic transport in the device becomes non- linear and can no longer be described using the simple equations of Ohm's law. The understanding of the operations of such devices, and the realisations of more advanced ones make it necessary to understand the dynamics ofhot electrons. There is an obvious lack of good reference books on hot electrons in semiconductors. The few that exist either cover a very narrow field or are becoming quite outdated. This book is therefore written with the aim of filling the vacuum in an area where there is much demand for acomprehensive reference book. The book is intended for both established researchers and graduate students, and gives a complete account of the historical development of the subject, together with current research interests and future trends. The contributions are written by leading scientists in thefield. They cover the physics of hot electrons in bulk and low dimensional device technology. The material is organised into subject area that can be classified broadly into five groups: (1)introduction and overview, (2)hot electron phonon interactions and the ultra-fast phenomena in bulk and twodimensional structures, (3)hot electrons in both long and short quantum wires and quantum dots, (4) hot electron tunnelling and hot electron transport in superlattices, and (5) novel devices based on hot electron transport. The chapters are grouped according to subject matter as far as possible.However, although there is much overlap of ideas and concepts, each chapter is essentially independent of the others.

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Since the arrival of the transistor in 1947, research in hot electrons, like any field in semiconductor research, has grown at a stunning rate. From a physicist's point of view the understanding of hot electrons and their interactions with the lattice has always been a challenging problem ofcondensed matter physics. Recently, with the ...

Dr Naci Balkan, University of Essex, Department of Physics, Colchester, Essex, CO4 3SQ, UK Tel.: +44 1206 872878, Fax: +44 1206 873598, Email: balkan@essex.ac.uk

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:528 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 1.26 inPublished:January 1, 1998Publisher:Oxford University Press

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198500580

ISBN - 13:9780198500582

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Table of Contents

PART 1. INTRODUCTION AND OVERVIEW1. Hot electrons and related phenomena: a brief history - B K Ridley2. Milestones of hot electron research in semiconductors - Karl Hess3. Growth and fabrication of semiconductor devices for hot electron research - J J Harris and C T Foxon4. Optical spectroscopy as a tool in hot electron studies - Jagdeep ShahPART 2. ELECTRON PHONON INTERACTIONS5. Energy and momentum relaxation of hot electrons by acoustic phonon emission - A J Kent6. Scattering of electrons by optical modes in bulk semiconductors and quantum wells - M Babiker and N Zakhleniuk7. Phonon emission and absorption by hot electrons in (-doped multiple layers in GaAs - M Asche8. Ultrafast spectroscopy of low dimensional structures - John F Ryan9. Impact phenomena and nonlinear spatio-temporal dynamics of hot electrons in semiconductors - Eckhard Scholl10. Non-equilibrium phonons and instabilities in quantum wells - N BalkanPART 3. QUANTUM WELLS AND DOTS11. Carrier relaxation in 1-D and 0-D - C M Sotomayor Torres12. Energy and momentum relaxation of hot electrons in long quantum wires - Roberto Cingolani13. Electron phonon interactions in electron transfer devices and in quasi 1-D structures - Nabuhiko SawakiPART 4. HOT ELECTRON TUNNELLING14. Aspects of tunnelling phenomena in non-equilibrium transport - J R Barker15. Plasmon excitation effects in resonant tunnelling - L Eaves16. Hot electrons and space charge waves in superlattices - H T GrahnPART 5. HOT ELECTRON DEVICES17. Hot electrons in semiconductor devices - Serge Luryi18. Mote Carlo simulation of hot electrons in semiconductor devices - C Jacoboni, A Abramo and R Brunetti19. Hot electron effects in quantum well lasers and the tunnelling injection laser - P K Bhattacharaya20. Electroluminescence by impact ionization of impurities in semiconductors - Gaetano Scamarcio and Frederico Capasso21. Hot electrons in n-i-p-i based devices - G H Dohler, J Heber, M Peter, S Eckl, S Malzer, A Forster and H Luth