How Science Works: Evolution: The Nature Of Science And The Science Of Nature by John EllisHow Science Works: Evolution: The Nature Of Science And The Science Of Nature by John Ellis

How Science Works: Evolution: The Nature Of Science And The Science Of Nature

byJohn Ellis

Paperback | July 18, 2016

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Evolution is just a theory, isn't it? What is a scientific theory anyway? Don't scientists prove things? What is the difference between a fact, a hypothesis and a theory in science? How does scientific thinking differ from religious thinking? Why are most leading scientists atheists? Are science and religion compatible? Why are there so many different religious beliefs but only one science? What is the evidence for evolution? Why does evolution occur? If you are interested in any of these questions and have some knowledge of biology, this book is for you.

Title:How Science Works: Evolution: The Nature Of Science And The Science Of NatureFormat:PaperbackDimensions:160 pagesPublished:July 18, 2016Publisher:Springer-Verlag/Sci-Tech/TradeLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:9401777470

ISBN - 13:9789401777476

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Table of Contents

1   Introduction

    The Importance of Science

     Origins of this Book

     Aims of this Book

     The Theory of Evolution

     Features of the Second Edition 


Part I  The Nature of Science


2   Two Ways of Explaining the Universe

     Supernaturalism and Naturalism

     The Incompatibility of Religion and Science

     Further Reading List


3   How Science Works

      General Principles

    Nullius in verba

     Occam`s razor

     Religious Belief among Leading Scientists

     Naturalistic Origins of Religious Beliefs

     Patternicity and Agenticity


     Science and Religion Compared

     Naturalistic Origins of Moral Values

     Further Reading List


Part II   The Science of Nature


4    Darwin`s Theory of Evolution



      Possible Explanations for Biodiversity and Adaptation

      The Early Life of Charles Darwin

      Evolution by Natural Selection

      Direct Observations of Natural Selection

      Historical Context of the Idea of Natural Selection

      Common Misconceptions about Natural Selection

      Genetic Drift

      Further Reading List


5    The Evidence for Evolution

       Seven Main Lines of Evidence

       Similarities at the Molecular Level

       Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes

       Similarities at the Anatomical Level

       Direct Observation

       Transitional Fossils

       Logical Inference

       Hierarchical Classification

       Vestigial Structures                 


  6   Some Major Events in Evolution

        Time-Line of Evolution

        Mass Extinction Events

        Determining the Age of Rocks

        The Earliest Forms of Life

        The Rise in Atmospheric Oxygen

        The Origin of Eukaryotic Cells


    7   The Evolution of Eyes

         Darwin`s Difficulties

         Light-Detecting Structures

          Eyes in Unicellular Eukaryotes

          Plausible Evolutionary Possibilities


     8   Human Evolution

            Time-Line of Human Evolution






            The genusHomo

         Further Reading List


          Pale Blue Dot


          Suggestions for Discussion Topics