How Writing Works

Paperback | December 22, 2014

byJordynn Jack, Katie Rose Guest Pryal

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College students are expected to master new genres in every course they take. Yet composition instructors can't possibly teach students every genre they will need for their college courses or careers. Instead of telling students how to write a genre, authors Jack and Pryal help students learnhow a genre works using a genre toolkit that asks three questions: "What is it?" "Who reads it?" and "What's it for?" By taking this problem-solving approach to writing, How Writing Works prepares students for any writing situation that they may encounter at school, home, or work.

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College students are expected to master new genres in every course they take. Yet composition instructors can't possibly teach students every genre they will need for their college courses or careers. Instead of telling students how to write a genre, authors Jack and Pryal help students learnhow a genre works using a genre toolkit that...

Jordynn M. Jack is Associate Professor of English and Comparative Literature at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Katie Rose Guest Pryal is Clinical Associate Professor of Law at the University of North Carolina School of Law.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:768 pages, 9.25 × 7.5 × 0.68 inPublished:December 22, 2014Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:019985985X

ISBN - 13:9780199859856

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Table of Contents

PrefacePart 1. The Genre Toolkit1. Asking QuestionsA. What is a Genre?Literacy Narrative: Frederick Douglass, "My Bondage and My Freedom"Literacy Narrative: Abida Sultaan, Memoirs of a Rebel Princess (excerpt)Literacy Narrative: Amy Tan, "Mother Tongue"B. "What is it?": Identify Shared ConventionsC. "Who reads it?": Identify an AudienceD. "What's it for?": Identify a Genre's PurposeE. ConclusionF. Chapter Project: Write a Literacy Narrative2. Discovering Rhetorical SituationsA. Discovering Your Rhetorical SituationAliyah's "Public Problem"Aliyah's "Observations"Lewis and Clark Journal [excerpt]B. Considering Your PurposeC. Identifying an Author's RoleD. Analyzing an Audience's NeedsE. Discovering TimingF. ConclusionG. Chapter Project: Write Journal Entries3. Writing New GenresA. Writing a New GenreClaire Zhang, "Amy Tan Phase" (excerpt)Louisa Rodriguez, "Identity in Context"Russell Johnson, "Identity in a Material World"B. Finding ExamplesC. Identifying ConventionsD. Locating OptionsFoxxy, "The Way of a Cherokee"E. ConclusionF. Chapter Project: Write a Response Essay4. Developing a Writing ProcessA. Discovering Your Writing ProcessB. Composing a Personal EssayMaisha, "Two Worlds, One Great Nation"Mark, "I Believe in the Senses"C. PrewritingD. DraftingE. RevisingF. Editing and ProofreadingG. PublishingH. ConclusionI. Chapter Project: Write a Personal EssayPart 2. Projects5. ProfilesA. Profile Mini-Genre: Social Network ProfileB. PortfolioC. Program ProfileD. Profile ArticleShirley Hancock, "Oregon Ballet Theatre's Lucas Threefoot: Oregon Ballet Theatre's New Soloist FindsJaime Shroeder, "Goals for Life"Stephanie Gottschlich, "The New Recruits: Students Answer the Call for Next Generation of Air Force ScientistsE. Strategies for ProfilesSarah Creek, "Profile of an Engineering Professor: Dr. Grace Yang"F. Chapter Project: Write a Profile Article6. Informative GenresA. Informative Mini-Genre: How-to TipB. TutorialBon Appetit, "How To Roll out Pizza Dough""Using Refworks"DeviantArt.com, "Hand Tutorial"C. FactsheetGreenpeace, "Genetic Engineering"Centers for Disease Control, "Shingles Factsheet"Youth @ Work, "Your Job...Your Rights...Your Responsibilities!"D. Informative ArticleMelissa Nasiruddin, Monique Halabi, Alexander Dao, Kyle Chen, and Brandon Brown, "Zombies-A Pop Culture Resource for Public Health Awareness"Karla Rankoff, "Dental Anxiety in Children and What to Do About It"Asawin Suebsaeng, Deanna Pan, and Gavin Aronsen, "What Happened in the Newtown School Shooting: There's No Explaining Such A Horrific Act, But Here's Important Background Information"E. Strategies for Informative GenresF. Chapter Project: Write an Informative Article7. InquiriesA. Inquiry Mini-Genre: Student Class NotesJosephine Perry, "St. Augustine on Love"B. Blog EntryBrandy, "Disappointment: Rizzoli and Isles""Straw-Man Fallacy and the "Anti-Antiterror Left""C. Reading NotesMei Lin, " Aristotle, On Rhetoric"Terrence B., "Notes"Michael M., "The Cry of the Children"D. Observation NotesZachary Fitzgerald, "Observation Notes"Belinda W., "Peer Classroom Observations: Sierra M."E. Strategies for InquiriesF. Chapter Project: Write Observation Notes8. AnalysesA. Analysis Mini-Genre: Keyword Analysis or "Word Cloud"B. Literary Analysis[academic writing] Morris Green, "Christopher Boone as an Unreliable Narrator"[academic writing] Ellen Chapman, "Women's Roles in Elizabeth Cary's The Tragedy of Mariam"[academic writing] Mark Washington, "Household Battles in 1616 as Shown in Anne Clifford's Diary"C. Scene Analysis[academic writing] Kerri Zuiker, "Brokeback Mountain Reunion Scene"[academic writing] Kevin Mikkelson, "Scene Analysis: Chinatown"[academic writing] Leo Cooper, "Mr Clean's Death and Use of Sound in Apocalypse Now"D. Rhetorical Analysis[academic writing] Cody M. Poplin, "Rhetorical Strategies and Effectiveness in the Declaration of Independence"Kelly Simpson, "Kairos, Violence, and the Hunger Games"[academic writing] Carlos Fernandez-Smith, "Appraising The Help: Ethos and Logos in Critical Accounts"E. Strategies for AnalysesAssociation of Black Women Historians, "An Open Statement to the Fans of The Help" (excerpt)F. Chapter Project: Write a Rhetorical Analysis9. ReviewsA. Review Mini-Genre: Online Product ReviewB. Film, Art, or Performance Review[academic writing] Jacob Clayton, "Contrast, Art, and Justice"Katie Fennelly, "Of Montreal's New Album: A Mix Of Weird Sounds and Intrigue"Nathan Cook, "Film Review: 'Epic'"C. Book ReviewBrian Braden, "Top Pick! Brian's 99 Cents: Review of The Quill Pen by Michelle Isenhoff"Risa Applegarth, "Review of The Changeover by Margaret Mahy"[academic writing] Adriana Morris, "Gertruda's Oath by Ram Oren and Habibi by Noami Shihab Nye: A Book Review Essay"D. Website ReviewMegan M., "Redesign Critiques"Hester Cho, "Healthcare.gov: Website Review"Jonas Webber, "Website Review of Ravelry.com"E. Strategies for ReviewsF. Chapter Project: Write a Website Review10. Argumentative GenresA. Argument Mini-Genre: Print AdvertisementB. Op-Ed or Letter to the EditorNate Rushing, "UF's meatless Mondays are ridiculous"Amelia Jensen, Letter to the EditorRini Sampath, "Insults Against Disabled People Must Be Eradicated"C. Candidate SpeechBarack Obama, Speech at Springfield, IL, in 2007Madison Peace, "Student Body President Speech"Michael R. Bloomberg, Victory Speech 2009D. SatirePia DiGiulio, "Uncontrolled Study Orgies Break Out in Gender-Neutral Dorm"Dr. Jonathan Swift, " A Modest Proposal: For preventing the children of poor people in Ireland, from being a burden on their parents or country, and for making them beneficial to the publick"The Onion, "Professor Deeply Hurt by Student's Evaluation"E. Strategies for Argumentative GenresF. Chapter Project: Write a Satire11. Academic Research GenresA. Academic Research Mini-Genre: Abstract[academic writing] Navarrete M, Perea G, Fernandez de Sevilla D, Gomez-Gonzalo M, Nunez A, et al., "Astrocytes Mediate In Vivo Cholinergic-Induced Synaptic Plasticity."[academic writing] Mike Duncan, "Polemical Ambiguity and the Composite Audience: Bush's 20 September 2001 Speech to Congress and the Epistle of 1 John"[academic writing] Jessica Ross, "Closing Guantanamo Bay: The Future of Detainees"B. Annotated Bibliography[academic writing] Chris Clayman, "Annotated Bibliography"[academic writing] Lisa Garmire, "Comprehensive Annotated Bibliography of American AIDS Novels, 1982-1992"C. Literature Review[academic writing] Kirby Diamaduros, "Tropical Rainforest Deforestation: Effects, Mitigation, and Solutions"[academic writing] Marleen H van den Berg, PhD, Johannes W Schoones, BA, and Theodora PM Vliet Vlieland, MD, PhD, " Internet-Based Physical Activity Interventions: A Systematic Review of the Literature"[academic writing] Agustin Fuentes, "Get over It: Men and Women Are from the Same Planet"D. Research Paper[academic writing] Kristine Thompson, " Wait, You Stormed Franklin Street? The Social and Psychological Motivations of UNC Sports Fans"[academic writing] Rick Ingram, "Gender Discrimination and the Movement towards Equality in the Workforce"Penelope Edwards, "Purity and Corruption: Reading Harriet Jacobs Through the Lens of the Bathsheba Tale"E. Strategies for Academic Research GenresF. Chapter Project: Write a Research Paper12. Workplace GenresA. Workplace Mini-Genre: Company SloganB. EmailJoe Smith, "Reference Request"Maria B. Hernandez, "Agenda for Biology Majors Club Meeting"Editorial Staff of Undergraduate Research Journal, "Journal decision declining to publish your article"C. Business LetterJessica Wang, Cover LetterGerry A. Sampson, Acceptance LetterJoe A. Smith, Thank You LetterD. ResumeJaelyn Garcia Johnson, ResumeJonathan Marcus Stone, ResumePhillip C. Beckett, ResumeE. Strategies for Workplace GenresF. Chapter Project: Write a Resume13. ProposalsA. Proposal Mini-Genre: Elevator PitchB. T.V., Book, or Film PitchT.V. pitch: "Mixed in America"Book pitch: "Rules of Entanglement"Film pitch: "Pushover"C. Student ProposalJohn Egbukichi, Student event proposalSuri Rodriguez, Campus Community GardenTyler Williamson, Independent study proposalD. Grant Proposal[academic writing] Vincent Abiona, "Technology Education in Nigerian Hospitals"[academic writing] Janelle Markham, "Closing the Gap in Dental Care: Dental Anxiety in Children in Bertie County"[academic writing] Grace McDermott, "Nutritional Access and Awareness for the Children of Burmese Migrant Workers in Mae Sot, Thailand"E. Strategies for ProposalsF. Chapter Project: Write a Research or Grant Proposal14. ReportsA. Report Mini-Genre: Social Networking Status UpdateB. News ReportChris Eckard, "College Sports News Report"Daniel Wheaton, "UNL Psychology Study Find College-Aged Men Struggle With Image, Objectification"Esteban Cortez, "Grad Student Explores African-American Culture in Art"C. Progress ReportMarshall McLaughlin, "Update on my poetry collection"Mary Wu, "Progress on War on Terror research"Lily Pearson, John Chao, Carolyn Wax, Anita Simmons, "Student Health Gets Real: Student Opinions of Student Health Services Progress Report"D. Recommendation ReportIris Chen, "MP3 Players and Hearing Loss"Bradley Kinnison, "The Health Risks and Cost Effectiveness of Chlorine as a Pool"Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, "Prevention and Control of Meningococcal Disease: Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP)"E. Strategies for ReportsF. Chapter Project: Write a Recommendation ReportPart 3. Writing Process15. Developing a TopicA. Genre Toolkit: What Are You Writing?B. Browse for TopicsC. Narrow Topics with Initial Research16. PrewritingA. FreewritingB. Question-DialogueC. Audio-BrainstormingD. Concept-Mapping17. DraftingA. Try Out Different Drafting StrategiesB. Digital Composing: Find Tools that Work for YouC. Writing Collaboratively18. Generating ArgumentsA. What is an Argument?B. Examining the TopicC. Researching ArgumentsD. Developing a Thesis (or Claim)E. Finding Good ReasonsF. Finding Evidence19. Using Rhetorical ModesA. What Happened? NarrationB. What Is It Like? DescriptionC. What Is It? DefinitionD. What Kind Is It? ClassificationE. How Is It Similar/Different? Comparison/ContrastF. What Causes It? What Are Its Effects? Cause/Effect20. OrganizationA. Discovering Organization through GenreB. Outlining Before WritingC. Using Outlines as You WriteD. ParagraphingE. Ordering Sections or TopicsF. IntroductionsG. Conclusions21. Developing StyleA. Matching Style to Genre, Audience and PurposeMaya Schenwar, "The Prison System Welcomes My Newborn Niece to This World"Ann Booker Loper and Elena Hontoria Tuerk, "Improving the Emotional Adjustment and Communication Patterns of Incarcerated Mothers: Effectiveness of a Prison Parenting Intervention"Ashley McAlarney, "Access for All: Federal Funding and Regulation of For-Profit Higher Education"B. Choosing a PersonaC. Choosing ToneD. Making Vocabulary ChoicesE. Choosing a Level of FormalityF. Using Rhetorical FiguresG. Tips for Developing Style22. Polishing It UpA. RevisingB. Self-Editing: Creating Fresh EyesC. Conducting Peer ReviewPart 4. Research23. Getting Started with ResearchA. Considering Your GenreB. Finding a Good Research TopicC. Identifying a GapD. Developing a Research QuestionE. Developing a Research Plan24. Conducting ResearchA. Conducting Empirical ResearchB. Conducting Database ResearchC. Managing Database Research25. Evaluating SourcesA. Identifying Credible SourcesB. Finding Authoritative Sources for Your FieldC. Finding Authoritative Sources for Your Genre26.26. Integrating SourcesA. Using Sources StrategicallyRay M. Marin and Jii Vaniek, "Optimal Use of Conservation and Accessibility Filters in MicroRNA Target Prediction"Shulman, J. L., Gotta, G., and Green, R., "Will Marriage Matter? Effects of Marriage Anticipated by Same-Sex Couples"B. Integrating Sources into Your WorkC. Conveying the Ideas of Others Your Work27. Avoiding PlagiarismA. What Is PlagiarismB. Types of PlagiarismC. Keeping Track of Sources28. Citing SourcesA. When to CiteB. Discovering Citation Styles: MLA and APAC. Discovering Citation Guides for Other StylesD. MLA Citation GuideE. Formatting a Paper in MLA StyleJay Zhang, "McDonald's Limited Response to Increased Health Consciousness"F. APA Citation GuideG. Formatting a Paper in APA StyleTerence Bogans, "Being Mommy Behind Bars: The Psychological Benefits of Child Visitation with Incarcerated Mothers"Part 5. Presentation29. Choosing Visual Elements, Layout, and DesignA. Matching Design to GenreB. Matching Design to Audience, Purpose, and SituationC. Putting Things in Place: LayoutD. Types of Visual ElementsE. Principles for Visual ElementsF. Using Electronic Tools30. Getting It Out ThereA. Delivering Oral PresentationsB. Developing Multimedia PresentationsC. Creating a PortfolioD. Submitting Your Work for PublicationE. Self-publishing Your WorkSTYLE AND USAGE GUIDES1. How Verbs WorkA. What is a verb?B. Common ProblemsS2. How Nouns and Pronouns WorkA. What is a Noun?B. What is a Pronoun?C. Common ProblemsS3. How Modifiers WorkA. What is a Modifier?B. Common ProblemsS4. How Sentences WorkA. What is a Sentence?B. Common ProblemsS5. How Punctuation WorksA. What is Punctuation?B. Common ProblemsS6. How Usage Conventions WorkA. What are Usage Conventions?B. Common Problems

Editorial Reviews

"Rather than simply introducing different genres to students, this book leads students to discover those genres." --Jun Zhao, Marshall University