Howard Andrew Knox: Pioneer of Intelligence Testing at Ellis Island by John Richardson

Howard Andrew Knox: Pioneer of Intelligence Testing at Ellis Island

byJohn Richardson

Kobo ebook | August 16, 2011

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Howard Andrew Knox (1885-1949) served as assistant surgeon at Ellis Island during the 1910s, administering a range of verbal and nonverbal tests for the mental capacity of potential immigrants. An early proponent of nonverbal intelligence testing (largely through the use of formboards and picture puzzles), Knox developed an evaluative approach that informs the techniques of practitioners and researchers today. Whether adapted to measure intelligence and performance in children, military recruits, neurological and psychiatric patients, or the average job applicant, Knox's pioneering methods deserve in-depth investigation that situates his discoveries within contemporary psychological practice.

Completing the first biography of this unjustly overlooked figure, John T. E. Richardson, former president of the International Society for the History of the Neurosciences, takes stock of Knox's understanding of intelligence and his legacy beyond Ellis Island. Consulting published and unpublished sources, Richardson establishes a chronology of Knox's life, including details of his medical training and his time as a physician with the U.S. Army. He describes the conditions that gave rise to intelligence testing, including public concern that the mentally unfit were allowed to settle within the country. He then recounts the development of intelligence tests by Knox and his colleagues and the publication of their research, which captured the attention of a nation. These publications present a useful and extremely human portrait of psychological testing and its limits, particularly regarding the predicament of the people who were examined at Ellis Island. Richardson concludes with the continuation of Knox's work and its changing application in conjunction with modern psychological theory.
John T. E. Richardson is the professor of student learning and assessment at The Open University in the United Kingdom and a former professor of psychology and head of the Department of Human Sciences at Brunel University. He is an academician of the U.K. Academy of Social Sciences, a fellow of the British Psychological Society, and a...
Title:Howard Andrew Knox: Pioneer of Intelligence Testing at Ellis IslandFormat:Kobo ebookPublished:August 16, 2011Publisher:Columbia University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0231512112

ISBN - 13:9780231512114

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Table of Contents

Foreword by Robert J. Sternberg
Key People in the Text
Part I: Before Ellis Island
1. Early Years
2. Army Days
Part II: The Context
3. Immigration, Intelligence, and the Public Health Service
4. The Measurement of Intelligence
5. At Ellis Island
Part III: Developing the Ellis Island Tests
6. The Ellis Island Tests
7. Popularizing the Work at Ellis Island
8. Practical Issues in Intelligence Testing
9. After Ellis Island
Part IV: The Legacy
10. Developing Performance Scales
11. Borrowing the Ellis Island Tests
12. What Do Performance Tests Measure?
13. An Appraisal

Editorial Reviews

This book is highly recommended for anyone with an interest in intelligence testing and the historical events that contributed to their adoption by modern psychology