Human And Robot Hands: Sensorimotor Synergies To Bridge The Gap Between Neuroscience And Robotics by Matteo BianchiHuman And Robot Hands: Sensorimotor Synergies To Bridge The Gap Between Neuroscience And Robotics by Matteo Bianchi

Human And Robot Hands: Sensorimotor Synergies To Bridge The Gap Between Neuroscience And Robotics

byMatteo BianchiEditorAlessandro Moscatelli

Hardcover | March 3, 2016

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This book looks at the common problems both human and robotic hands encounter when controlling the large number of joints, actuators and sensors required to efficiently perform motor tasks such as object exploration, manipulation and grasping. The authors adopt an integrated approach to explore the control of the hand based on sensorimotor synergies that can be applied in both neuroscience and robotics.  Hand synergies are based on goal-directed, combined muscle and kinematic activation leading to a reduction of the dimensionality of the motor and sensory space, presenting a highly effective solution for the fast and simplified design of artificial systems.

Presented in two parts, the first part,Neuroscience,provides the theoretical and experimental foundations to describe the synergistic organization of the human hand. The second part,Robotics, Models and Sensing Tools, exploits the framework of hand synergies to better control and design robotic hands and haptic/sensing systems/tools, using a reduced number of control inputs/sensors, with the goal of pushing their effectiveness close to the natural one.

Human and Robot Handsprovides a valuable reference for students, researchers and designers who are interested in the study and design of the artificial hand.

Title:Human And Robot Hands: Sensorimotor Synergies To Bridge The Gap Between Neuroscience And RoboticsFormat:HardcoverDimensions:283 pages, 23.5 × 15.5 × 0.03 inPublished:March 3, 2016Publisher:Springer-Verlag/Sci-Tech/TradeLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:3319267051

ISBN - 13:9783319267050

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Table of Contents

Introduction.- Part I: Neuroscience.- Dexterous Manipulation: From High-level Representation to Low-level Co-ordination of Digit Force and Position.- Digit Position and Force Synergies During Unconstrained Grasping.- The Motor Control of Hand Movements in the Human Brain: Toward the Definition of a Cortical Representation of Postural Synergies.- Synergy Control in Subcortical Circuitry: Insights from Neurophysiology.- Neuronal "Op-Amps" Implement Adaptive control in Biology and Robotics.- Sensorimotor Synergies:Fusion of Cutaneous Touch and Proprioception in the Perceived Hand Kinematics.- Part II: Robotics, Models and Sensing Tools.- From Soft to Adaptive Synergies:The PISA/IIT Softhand.- A Learn by Demonstration Approach for Closed-loop Robust Anthromorphic Grasp Planning.- Teleimpudance Control: Overview and Application.- Incremental Learning of Muscle Synergies:From Calibrating a Prothesis to Interacting with it.- How to Map Human Hand Synergies onto Robotic Hands Using the Syngrasp Matlab Toolbox.- Quasi-static Analysis of Synergistically Underactuated Robotic Hands in Grasp and Manipulation Tasks.- A simple Model of the Hand for the Analysis of Object Exploration.- Synergy-based Optimal Sensing Techniques for Hand Pose Reconstruction

Editorial Reviews

"Neuroscience deals with the controlling of senses in humans and their function in the day-to-day work of the human body. In parallel, the robotics field is developing artificial senses or their capabilities in robots. This book discusses human and robot hands. . This book is an interesting read for researchers, doctoral students, and professionals working in the area of neuroscience and robotics." (Lalit Saxena, Computing Reviews, March, 2017)