Human Enhancement

Paperback | December 25, 2010

EditorJulian Savulescu, Nick Bostrom

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To what extent should we use technology to try to make better human beings? Because of the remarkable advances in biomedical science, we must now find an answer to this question. Human enhancement aims to increase human capacities above normal levels. Many forms of human enhancement are already in use. Many students and academics take cognition enhancing drugs to get a competitive edge. Some top athletes boost their performance with legal and illegal substances. Many anoffice worker begins each day with a dose of caffeine. This is only the beginning. As science and technology advance further, it will become increasingly possible to enhance basic human capacities to increase or modulate cognition, mood, personality, and physical performance, and to control thebiological processes underlying normal aging. Some have suggested that such advances would take us beyond the bounds of human nature. These trends, and these dramatic prospects, raise profound ethical questions. They have generated intense public debate and have become a central topic of discussion within practical ethics. Should we side with bioconservatives, and forgo the use of any biomedical interventions aimed at enhancinghuman capacities? Should we side with transhumanists and embrace the new opportunities? Or should we perhaps plot some middle course? Human Enhancement presents the latest moves in this crucial debate: original contributions from many of the world's leading ethicists and moral thinkers, representing a wide range of perspectives, advocates and sceptics, enthusiasts and moderates. These are the arguments that will determine howhumanity develops in the near future.

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To what extent should we use technology to try to make better human beings? Because of the remarkable advances in biomedical science, we must now find an answer to this question. Human enhancement aims to increase human capacities above normal levels. Many forms of human enhancement are already in use. Many students and academics take ...

Julian Savulescu is Uehiro Chair in Practical Ethics, Director of the Oxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics, and Director of the Program on Ethics and the New Biosciences in the 21st Century School, University of Oxford. Nick Bostrom is Director of the Future of Humanity Institute at the University of Oxford. He previously taught ...

other books by Julian Savulescu

Format:PaperbackDimensions:432 pagesPublished:December 25, 2010Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199594961

ISBN - 13:9780199594962

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Table of Contents

Nick Bostrom and Julian Savulescu: Introduction: Human Enhancement Ethics: The State of the DebatePart I - Human Enhancement in General1. Norman Daniels: Can anyone really be talking about ethically modifying human nature?2. Eric Jeungst: "Alter-ing" Human Nature? Misplaced Essentialism in Science Policy3. Ryuichi Ida: Should We Improve Human Nature? An Interrogation from an Asian Perspective4. Michael Sandel: The Case Against Perfection: What's wrong with designer children, bionic athletes, and genetic engineering5. Frances Kamm: What Is And Is Not Wrong With Enhancement?6. John Harris: Enhancements Are A Moral Obligation7. C.A.J. Coady: Playing God8. Erik Parens: Toward a More Fruitful Debate about Enhancement9. Arthur L. Caplan: Good, Better, or Best?10. Julian Savulescu: The Human Prejudice and the Moral Status of Enhanced Beings: What Do We Owe the Gods?Part II - Specific Enhancements11. Dan W. Brock: Is Selection of Children Wrong?12. Peter Singer: Parental Choice and Human Improvement13. Susumu Shimazono: Reasons Against the Selection of Life: From Japan's Experience of Prenatal Genetic Diagnosis14. Torbjorn Tannsjo: Medical Enhancement and the Ethos of Elite Sport15. Christine Overall: Life Enhancement Technologies And the Significance of Social Category Membership16. Daniel Wikler: Paternalism in the Age of Cognitive Enhancement: Do Civil Liberties Presuppose Roughly Equal Mental Ability?17. Robin Hanson: Enhancing Our Truth OrientationPart III - Enhancement as a Practical Challenge18. Nick Bostrom and Anders Sandberg: The Wisdom of Nature: An Evolutionary Heuristic for Human Enhancement

Editorial Reviews

Review from previous edition: "An excellent discussion by leading bioethicists of the issues raised by human enhancement. It would be excellent for use in classes devoted to spending at least a few weeks on enhancement, either at the upper-level undergraduate or graduate level." --Robert Streiffer, Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews