Management always entails a certain vision of the human being, along with a view of the nature and purpose of the business firm and society. This is evident from the very beginnings of management studies. So far, in practice, many scholars have focused on individual and collective human behavior, rather than in what an individual is, or what it means being a person or having free will. Human Foundations of Management explores the idea of 'the person' and key human features in a way that is accessible to readers. This volume is divided into two parts. The first, entitled 'The Idea of the Human Being,' seeks to review that idea in management and economic activities, and how science, religions and philosophy convey their respective understandings. The second, 'Fundamentals of a Philosophy of the Person,' begins with an overview of human nature and the uniqueness of every person, and continues discussing certain traits which make humans similar to, but above all different from, other beings. This includes topics such as rationality, emotions, free will, aesthetic experience, relationability and sociability, sense of transcendence, capacity of moral discernment and human flourishing, and the structure of the human action.