Human Trafficking and Trauma in the Digital Era: The Ongoing Tragedy of the Trade in Refugees from Eritrea by Mirjam van ReisenHuman Trafficking and Trauma in the Digital Era: The Ongoing Tragedy of the Trade in Refugees from Eritrea by Mirjam van Reisen

Human Trafficking and Trauma in the Digital Era: The Ongoing Tragedy of the Trade in Refugees from…

EditorMirjam van Reisen, Munyaradzi Mawere

Paperback | February 13, 2017

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Eritrean refugees crisscross between countries in the Horn of Africa and North Africa in search of a safe place. Along their journeys, they are looted, threatened, intimidated, violated, and held for ransom. This book revisits the human trafficking crisis that first emerged in the Sinai at the end of 2008 and examines the expansion of human trafficking of Eritrean refugees and other forms of exploitation beyond the Sinai. It focuses on the modus operandi of these practices and on identifying their key facilitators and beneficiaries. The book locates the origin of these practices within Eritrea; it reveals how a deliberate policy of impoverishment and human rights abuses has driven the people out of the country, and how individuals within Eritrea, and particularly within the ruling party, benefit from the smuggling and trafficking of Eritrean refugees. The use of information communication technologies (ICTs) is identified as key to the new modus operandi of this criminal business and is found to further facilitate widespread collective trauma amongst Eritreans, who witness the abuse of their family members and fellow nationals through digital networks. An entire section in this book is dedicated to assessing the extent and effects of individual and collective trauma caused by Sinai trafficking and to examining potential approaches to healing. Other sections discuss the vulnerabilities of Eritrean minors and women, and the connections between human trafficking, terrorism and organ trafficking. The last section of the book raises the question of accountability. It examines and evaluates international responses to this forgotten crisis, and discusses the need for policies that tackle the problem where it emerges: in Eritrea.

Mirjam van Reisen is Professor of 'International Relations, Innovation and Care' at Tilburg University, and Professor 'Computing for Society' at Leiden University.Munyaradzi Mawere is Professor in the Department of Culture and Heritage Studies at Great Zimbabwe University.
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Title:Human Trafficking and Trauma in the Digital Era: The Ongoing Tragedy of the Trade in Refugees from…Format:PaperbackProduct dimensions:520 pages, 9 × 6 × 1.05 inShipping dimensions:9 × 6 × 1.05 inPublished:February 13, 2017Publisher:African Books CollectiveLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:9956764876

ISBN - 13:9789956764877

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Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Introduction
Chapter 2: Human Trafficking in the Sinai: Mapping the Routes and Facilitators
Chapter 3: The Exodus from Eritrea and Who is Benefiting
Chapter 4: Human Trafficking Connecting to Terrorism and Organ Trafficking: Libya and Egypt
Chapter 5: Eritrean Unaccompanied Minors in Human Trafficking
Chapter 6: The Fragmentation of Families: Eritrean Women in Exile in Uganda
Chapter 7: The Trauma of Survivors of Sinai Trafficking
Chapter 8: Collective Trauma from Sinai Trafficking: A Blow to the Fabric of Eritrean Society
Chapter 9: Crimes against Humanity: The Commission of Inquiry on Eritrea
Chapter 10: The Long Arm of the Eritrean Regime in the Netherlands
Chapter 11: Atlantic Council: The Eritrean Regime's US Spin Doctors
Chapter 12: The Policy Agenda in Europe and Africa
Chapter 13: Prosecuting Sinai Trafficking: An Overview of Options