Humans in Nature: The World As We Find It and the World As We Create It

Hardcover | December 23, 2013

byGregory E. Kaebnick

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Contemporary debates over issues as wide-ranging as the protection of wildernesses and endangered species, the spread of genetically modified organisms, the emergence of synthetic biology, and the advance of human enhancement, all of which seem to spin into deeper and more baffling questionswith every change in the news cycle, often circle back to the same fundamental question: should there be limits to the human alteration of the natural world? A growing number of people view the human capacity to alter natural states of affairs - from formerly wild spaces and things around us to crops and livestock to our own human nature - as cause for moral alarm. That reaction raises a number of perplexing philosophical questions, however: Can weidentify "natural" states of affairs at all? Does the idea of being morally concerned about the human relationship to nature make any sense? Should such a concern influence public policy and politics, or should government stay strenuously neutral on such matters?Through a study of moral debates about the environment, agricultural biotechnology, synthetic biology, and human enhancement, Gregory E. Kaebnick, a research scholar at The Hastings Center and editor of the Hastings Center Report, argues that concerns about the human alteration of nature can belegitimate and serious, but also that they are complex, contestable, and of limited political force.Kaebnick defends attempts to identify "natural" states of affairs by disentangling the nature/artifact distinction from metaphysical hoariness. Drawing on David Hume, he also defends moral standards for the human relationship to nature, arguing that they, and moral standards generally, should beunderstood as grounded in what Hume called the "passions." Yet what counts as "natural" can be delineated only roughly, he concludes, and moral standards for interaction with nature are less a matter of obligation than of ideals. Kaebnick also concludes, drawing on an interpretation of the liberalprinciple of neutrality, that government may support those standards but must be careful not to enforce them. Thus Kaebnick looks for a middle way on debates that have tended toward polarization.

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Contemporary debates over issues as wide-ranging as the protection of wildernesses and endangered species, the spread of genetically modified organisms, the emergence of synthetic biology, and the advance of human enhancement, all of which seem to spin into deeper and more baffling questionswith every change in the news cycle, often ci...

Gregory E. Kaebnick is a scholar at The Hastings Center and editor of the Hastings Center Report. He has been coinvestigator of two research projects funded by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation on the ethical issues of synthetic biology, principal investigator of a project funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities on appeals to ...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:224 pages, 9.25 × 6.12 × 0.98 inPublished:December 23, 2013Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199347212

ISBN - 13:9780199347216

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Table of Contents

Prologue1. The Nature of "Nature": What to Ask of a Concept2. Perceptions of the Soul: The Nature of Morality3. The "Call of the Wild": Ideals and Obligations4. Space for Nature: Intrinsic Moral Values in Public Policy5. Nature Naturalized: Wilderness and Wildlife6. Nature on the Farm: Genetically Modified Plants and Animals7. Nature in the Factory: Synthetic Biology8. Nature in Us: Humanism and TranshumanismBibliography

Editorial Reviews

"As differences between nature and artifact become steadily less substantial, problems about preservation run to the core of how people can make sense of themselves, of each other, and of our shared world. Kaebnick's solutions are creative and compelling, theoretically elegant and politicallypractical. Providing distinctive ways forward, when much academic and policy discussion seems exhausted, his book demands wide attention. In return, it inspires hope." --James Nelson, Michigan State University