Humes Problem: Induction and the Justification of Belief

Paperback | November 10, 2005

byColin Howson

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Colin Howson offers a solution to one of the central, unsolved problems of Western philosophy, the problem of induction. In the mid-eighteenth century David Hume argued that successful prediction tells us nothing about the truth of the predicting theory. No matter how many experimental tests ahypothesis passes, nothing can be legitimately inferred about its truth or probable truth.But physical theory routinely predicts the values of observable magnitudes to many small places of decimals and within very small ranges of error. The chance of this sort of predictive success without a true theory seems so remote that the possibility should be dismissed. This suggests that Hume'sargument must be wrong; but there is still no consensus on where exactly this flaw lies. Howson argues that there is no flaw, and examines the implications of this disturbing conclusion for relation between science and its empirical base.

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Colin Howson offers a solution to one of the central, unsolved problems of Western philosophy, the problem of induction. In the mid-eighteenth century David Hume argued that successful prediction tells us nothing about the truth of the predicting theory. No matter how many experimental tests ahypothesis passes, nothing can be legitimat...

Colin Howson is at London School of Economics.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:272 pages, 8.5 × 5.43 × 0.51 inPublished:November 10, 2005Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:019825038X

ISBN - 13:9780198250388

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Table of Contents

Introduction1. Hume's Argument2. Reliabilism3. Realism and the No-Miracles Argument4. Probabilism5. Deductivisim6. The Naturalistic Fallacy7. 'A New Species of Logic'8. The Logic of Scientific Discoveries9. Chance and ProbabilityFinaleCoda: 'Of Miracles'ReferencesIndex