Identifying the Enemy: Civilian Participation in Armed Conflict by Emily CrawfordIdentifying the Enemy: Civilian Participation in Armed Conflict by Emily Crawford

Identifying the Enemy: Civilian Participation in Armed Conflict

byEmily Crawford

Hardcover | August 23, 2015

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Over the past twenty-five years, significant changes in the conduct of wars have increasingly placed civilians in traditional military roles - employing civilians to execute drone strikes, the "targeted killing" of suspected terrorists, the use of private security contractors in combat zones,and the spread of cyber attacks. Under the laws of armed conflict, civilians cannot be targeted unless they take direct part in hostilities. Once civilians take action, they become targets. This book analyses the complex question of how to identify just who those civilians are.Identifying the Enemy examines the history of civilian participation in armed conflict and how the law has responded to such action. It asks the crucial question: what is "direct participation in hostilities"? The book slices through the attempts to untie this Gordian knot, and shows that thechanging nature of warfare has called into question the very foundation of the civilian/military dichotomy that is at the heart of the law of armed conflict.
Emily Crawford is a Lecturer at the Sydney Law School at the University of Sydney, and the Co-Director of the Sydney Centre for International Law. She is a member of the ILA Committee on Non-State Actors, a Co-Rapporteur for the ILA Study Group on Cyber-Terrorism, and a member of the Australian Red Cross IHL Committee for New South Wal...
Title:Identifying the Enemy: Civilian Participation in Armed ConflictFormat:HardcoverDimensions:288 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.93 inPublished:August 23, 2015Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199678499

ISBN - 13:9780199678495

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Table of Contents

IntroductionPart One: The Development of the Law Relating to Civilians and Armed Conflicts1. The General Rules on Civilians in Armed Conflicts - Civilian Immunity and the Principle of Distinction2. International Law and the History of Civilian Participation in Armed Conflict3. Direct Participation in Hostilities - Finding a DefinitionPart Two: Current Challenges to the Law on Civilians and Armed Conflict4. Targeted Killing5. Remote Warfare: Drones and Cyber Warfare6. Private Military and Security Companies7. 'Criminal' Armed ConflictPart Three: Civilian Participation in Armed Conflict and the Law in the 21st Century8. The Way Forward - How Can International Law Effectively Deal with Civilians Who Take Direct Part in HostilitiesConclusions - Where to From Here?