Implicit Bias and Philosophy, Volume 2: Moral Responsibility, Structural Injustice, and Ethics

Hardcover | April 30, 2016

EditorMichael Brownstein, Jennifer Saul

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There is abundant evidence that most people, often in spite of their conscious beliefs, values and attitudes, have implicit biases. 'Implicit bias' is a term of art referring to evaluations of social groups that are largely outside conscious awareness or control. These evaluations aretypically thought to involve associations between social groups and concepts or roles like 'violent,' 'lazy,' 'nurturing,' 'assertive,' 'scientist,' and so on. Such associations result at least in part from common stereotypes found in contemporary liberal societies about members of these groups. Implicit Bias and Philosophy brings the work of leading philosophers and psychologists together to explore core areas of psychological research on implicit (or unconscious) bias, as well as the ramifications of implicit bias for core areas of philosophy. Volume 2: Moral Responsibility, StructuralInjustice, and Ethics is comprised of three sections. 'Moral Responsibility for Implicit Bias' contains chapters examining the relationship of implicit biases to concepts that are central to moral responsibility, including control, awareness, reasons-responsiveness, and alienation. The chaptersin the second section - Structural Injustice' - explore the connections between the implicit biases held by individuals and the structural injustices of the societies in which they are situated. And finally, the third section - 'The Ethics of Implicit Bias: Theory and Practice' - contains chaptersexamining strategies for implicit attitude change, the ramifications of research on implicit bias for philosophers working in ethics, and suggestions for combatting implicit biases in the fields of philosophy and law. This volume can be read independently of, or in conjunction with, Volume I: Metaphysics and Epistemology, which addresses key metaphysical and epistemological questions on implicit bias, including the effect of implicit bias on scientific research, gender stereotypes in philosophy, and the role ofheuristics in biased reasoning.

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There is abundant evidence that most people, often in spite of their conscious beliefs, values and attitudes, have implicit biases. 'Implicit bias' is a term of art referring to evaluations of social groups that are largely outside conscious awareness or control. These evaluations aretypically thought to involve associations between s...

Michael Brownstein is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at John Jay College/City University of New York. His research focuses on philosophy of psychology and cognitive science, with emphasis on the nature of the implicit mind. In 2014-2015 he was a Visiting Scholar at the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, a Fellow of the American ...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:304 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.1 inPublished:April 30, 2016Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198766173

ISBN - 13:9780198766179

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Table of Contents

Michael Brownstein and Jennifer Saul: IntroductionSection One: Moral Responsibility for Implicit Bias1.1. Natalia Washington and Daniel Kelly: Whose Responsible for This? Moral Responsibility, Externalism, and Knowledge about Implicit Bias1.2. Joshua Glasgow: Alienation and Responsibility1.3. Robin Zheng: Attributablity, Accountability, and Implicit Attitudes1.4. Maureen Sie and Nicole van Voorst Vader-Bours: Stereotypes and Prejudice: Whose Responsibility? Indirect Personal Responsibility for Implicit Bias1.5. Luc Faucher: Revisionism and Moral ResponsibilitySection Two: Structural Injustice2.1. Lawrence Blum: The Too Minimal Political, Moral, and Civil Dimension of Claude Steele's 'Stereotype Threat' Paradigm2.2. Anne Jacobson: Reducing Bias: Attitudinal and Institutional ChangeSection Three: The Ethics of Implicit Bias: Theory and Practice3.1. Clea F. Rees: A Virtue Ethics Response to Implicit Bias3.2. Michael Brownstein: Implicit Bias, Context, and Character3.3. Samantha Brennan: The Moral Status of Micro-Inequities: In Favour of Institutional Solutions3.4. Katya Hosking and Roseanne Russell: Discrimination Law, Equity Law, and Implicit Bias