Impossible Persons

Paperback | November 4, 2016

byDaniel Harbour

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Impossible Persons, Daniel Harbour's comprehensive and groundbreaking formal theory of grammatical person, upends understanding of a universal and ubiquitous grammatical category. Breaking with much past work, Harbour establishes three core theses, one empirical, one theoretical, and one metatheoretical. Together, these redefine the data subsumed under the rubric of "person," simplify the feature inventory that a theory of person must posit, and restructure the metatheory in which feature theory as a whole resides.

At its heart, Impossible Persons poses a simple question of the possible versus the actual: in how many ways could languages configure their person systems, in how many do they configure them, and what explains the size and shape of the shortfall? Harbour's empirical thesis -- that the primary object of study for persons are partitions, not syncretisms -- transforms a sea of data into a categorical problem of the attested and the absent. Positing, innovatively, that features denote actions, not predicates, he shows that two features alone generate all and only the attested systems. This apparently poor inventory yields rich explanatory dividends, covering the morphological composition of person, its interaction with number, its connection to space, and properties of its semantics and linearization. Moreover, the core properties of this approach are shared with Harbour's earlier work on number features. Jointly, these results establish an important metatheoretical corollary concerning the balance between richness of feature semantics and restrictiveness of feature inventories. This corollary holds deep implications for how linguists should approach feature theory in future.

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Impossible Persons, Daniel Harbour's comprehensive and groundbreaking formal theory of grammatical person, upends understanding of a universal and ubiquitous grammatical category. Breaking with much past work, Harbour establishes three core theses, one empirical, one theoretical, and one metatheoretical. Together, these redefine the d...

Daniel Harbour is Reader in the Cognitive Science of Language at Queen Mary University of London.

other books by Daniel Harbour

Morphosemantic Number:: From Kiowa Noun Classes to UG Number Features
Morphosemantic Number:: From Kiowa Noun Classes to UG N...

Paperback|Mar 20 2008

$104.20 online$116.95list price(save 10%)
Format:PaperbackDimensions:336 pages, 9 × 6 × 0.56 inPublished:November 4, 2016Publisher:The MIT PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0262529297

ISBN - 13:9780262529297

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Daniel Harbour brings a mastery of classic linguistic methodology and of the typological literature to solve a longstanding textbook question for the field: why do languages show the particular categories of person that they do, and not easily conceivable others? This book is a game-changer for an increasingly essential area of linguistic theory -- substantive universals governing syntactic features -- and will anchor future debate about features for years to come.