In Defence of Learning: The Plight, Persecution, and Placement of Academic Refugees, 1933-1980s

Hardcover | August 7, 2011

EditorShula Marks, Paul Weindling, Laura Wintour

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Established in the 1930s to rescue scientists and scholars from Nazi Europe, the Society for the Protection of Science and Learning (SPSL, founded in 1933 as the Academic Assistance Council and now known as the Council for Assisting Refugee Academics) has had an illustrious career. No fewerthan eighteen of its early grantees became Nobel Laureates and 120 were elected Fellows of the British Academy and Royal Society in the UK. While a good deal has been written on the SPSL in the 1930s and 1940s, and especially on the achievements of the outstanding scientists rescued, much lessattention has been devoted to the scholars who contributed to the social sciences and humanities, and there has been virtually no research on the Society after the Second World War. The archive-based essays in this volume, written to commemorate the 75th anniversary of the organisation, are the first to attempt to fill this gap. The essays include revisionist accounts of the founder of the SPSL and some of its early grantees. For the first time, the story examines itsrelationship with associates and allies, the experiences of women academics and those of the post- war academic refugees from Communist Europe, apartheid South Africa and Pinochet's Chile. In addition to scholarly contributions, the volume includes moving essays by the children of early grantees. Ata time of increasing international concern with refugees and immigration, it is a timely reminder of the enormous contribution generations of academic refugees have made - and continue to make - to learning the world over.

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Established in the 1930s to rescue scientists and scholars from Nazi Europe, the Society for the Protection of Science and Learning (SPSL, founded in 1933 as the Academic Assistance Council and now known as the Council for Assisting Refugee Academics) has had an illustrious career. No fewerthan eighteen of its early grantees became Nob...

Professor Shula Marks was formerly Director of the Institute of Commonwealth Studies, London, and is now Emeritus Professor of Southern African History at the School of Oriental and African Studies, London and Honorary Professor in the History Department at the University of Cape Town.

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:336 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 1.09 inPublished:August 7, 2011Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0197264816

ISBN - 13:9780197264812

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Table of Contents

Part 1. FOUNDERS AND FIRSTCOMERS1. David Zimmerman: 'Protests Butter no Parsnips': Lord Beveridge and the Rescue of Refugee Academics from Europe, 1933-19382. William Lanouette: A Narrow Margin of Hope: Leo Szilard in the Founding Days of CARA3. Paul Weindling: From Refugee Assistance to Freedom of Learning: the Strategic Vision of A. V. Hill, 1933-19644. Gustav Born: Refugee Scientists in a New Environment5. Georgina Ferry: Max Perutz and the SPSLPART 2. TESS - THE LINCHPIN6. Paul Broda: Esther Simpson: A Correspondence7. Lewis Elton: Eva and EstherPART 3. ASSOCIATES AND ALLIES8. Gerald Kreft: 'Dedicated to Represent the True Spirit of the German Nation in the World': Philipp Schwartz (1894-1977), Founder of the Notgemeinschaft9. Tibor Frank: Organized Rescue Operations in Europe and the United States, 1933-194510. Susan Cohen: In Defence of Academic Women Refugees: The British Federation of University Women11. Stina Lyon: Karl Mannheim and Viola Klein: Refugee Sociologists in Search of Social Democratic PracticePART 4. REVERSING THE GAZE12. Christian Fleck: Austrian Refugee Social Scientists13. Antoon de Baets: Plutarch's Thesis: The Contribution of Refugee Historians to Historical Writing, 1945-201014. Marina Yu Sorokina: Within Two Tyrannies: The Soviet Academic Refugees of the Second World War15. Antonin Kostlan and Sona Strbanova: Czech Scholars in Exile, 1948-198916. Shula Marks: 'Bending the rules': South African Refugees in the UK, 1960-198017. Alan Phillips: Refugee Academics from Chile: WUS-SPSL CollaborationLucia Munoz: Postscript